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Labour Force Information
Employment rose by an estimated 42,000 in November, continuing the strong upward trend that began at the start of the year. So far in 2002, employment has increased by 502,000 or 3.3. The unemployment rate declined in November by 0.1 percentage points to 7.5%.
Rebound in full-time work and manufacturing
Full-time employment rose by 55,000 after edging down over the previous two months. Over the first eleven months of 2002, job growth has been particularly robust in part-time (+7.7%) but is also up in full-time (+2.4%).
Employment in manufacturing rose by 33,000 in November, all in full-time. Employment in this industry is up 150,000 (+6.8%) so far in 2002 with the largest increases in food, computer and electronics as well as machinery manufacturing. In November, almost all the gains in manufacturing employment occurred in Quebec (+21,000) and Ontario (+10,000).
Job strength continued among adult men, with employment increasing 20,000 in November, the result of a gain in full-time work (+18,000). Since the start of the year, employment among adult men is up 196,000 (+2.8%) with the largest increases in manufacturing and construction. In November, the unemployment rate among adult men fell 0.2 percentage points to 6.5%.
Employment among youths increased slightly (+15,000) due to a gain in full-time employment (+17,000). Job growth for youths has been strong throughout 2002 with year-to-date gains totalling 98,000 (+4.3%). In November, the youth unemployment rate declined to 13.6% (-0.3 percentage points).
Among adult women, employment was little changed as an increase in full-time
jobs (+21,000) was partly offset by a decline in part-time
Increase in hours worked
The number of hours worked in the economy (514.9 million) rose 1.2% as it partially rebounded from the 1.6% decrease in October. The decline in hours worked in October was primarily due to an unusually large number of employees taking time off at Thanksgiving.
Fewer jobs in construction
Construction employment fell 16,000 in November, the first decline in
seven months. Job gains so far in 2002 total 48,000 (+5.7%), reflecting
strong consumer demand for housing. The decrease in November was in Quebec
In November, there was a slight increase in education services (+11,000), partly offsetting the decline in October. So far in 2002, employment in this industry is up by 59,000 (+6.1%).
More employees but fewer self-employed
The number of private sector employees rose by 57,000, the fourth consecutive monthly increase, bringing gains so far in 2002 to 280,000 (+2.8%).
The number of public sector employees increased by 17,000, offsetting most of the decline in October. There has been strength in public sector employment throughout 2002 with gains totalling 123,000 (+4.3%). Most of this increase has been in education services and health care and social assistance.
Self-employment fell by 31,000, partly offsetting the gain in October. Despite this decline, self-employment is up 99,000 (+4.3%) so far in 2002, spurred by growth in professional, scientific and technical services, agriculture and health care and social assistance.
Alberta leads job growth
In Alberta, employment increased by 16,000 with gains spread across a number of industries. So far in 2002, employment in the province is up 55,000 (+3.3%). In November, the increase in employment pushed the unemployment rate down to 5.3% (-0.4 percentage points).
Employment edged up 13,000 in Ontario with gains in manufacturing and health care and social assistance. There were declines in management, administrative and other support services. Employment in the province is up 182,000 (+3.1%) so far in 2002, due primarily to strength in the second half of the year. The increase in employment in November combined with a decline in the number of persons in search of work pushed the unemployment rate down 0.5 percentage points to 6.7%.
Overall employment in Quebec increased slightly (+9,000) as a gain in full-time employment (+26,000) was partly offset by a decline in part-time. So far in 2002, employment in the province has increased by 137,000 (+3.9%) with most of the gains occurring in the first half of the year. In November, there was strong job growth in manufacturing (+21,000), but this was partly offset by declines in a number of other industries, most notably construction (-8,000) and professional, scientific and technical services (-8,000). The unemployment rate rose by 0.5 percentage points to 8.6% as more people entered the labour force in search of work.
Employment rose by 3,000 in Nova Scotia and is now just slightly above (+1.0%) the level at the end of 2001. The unemployment rate was unchanged at 9.5% as the gain in employment was matched by an increase in the number of people in the labour force.
In New Brunswick, employment edged up 2,000, bringing gains so far in 2002 to 12,000 (+3.6%). The unemployment rate declined 0.5 percentage points in November to 10.3%.
There was little change in employment for the other provinces in November.