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12-month change:

  1. The Consumer Price Index (CPI) rose 1.3% in the 12 months to July, after increasing 1.5% in June.
  1. Excluding gasoline, the CPI was up 1.9% year over year in July, matching the gain in June.
  1. Prices rose in six of the eight major components in the 12 months to July, with the shelter and food indexes contributing the most to the year-over-year gain in consumer prices. The transportation index, which includes gasoline, and the clothing and footwear index declined on a year-over-year basis in July.
  1. In seven provinces, consumer prices rose less on a year-over-year basis in July than in June. In Newfoundland and Labrador, New Brunswick and British Columbia, the CPI was up more on a year-over-year basis in July than in the previous month.

Month-to-month change:

  1. On a seasonally adjusted monthly basis, the CPI wa unchanged in July, after increasing 0.2% in June.
  1. On a monthly basis and before seasonal adjustment, the CPI declined 0.2% in July, following a 0.2% gain in June.

Bank of Canada’s core index:

  1. The Bank of Canada’s core index increased 2.1% in the 12 months to July, matching the rise in June.

Main contributors to the 12-month change in the CPI:

Main upward contributors:

  1. Purchase of passenger vehicles (+5.4%)
  2. Homeowner’s replacement cost (+3.6%)
  3. Electricity (+5.4%)
  4. Food purchased from restaurants (+2.7%)
  5. Air transportation (+7.1%)

Main downward contributors:

  1. Gasoline (-14.0%)
  2. Natural gas (-10.3%)
  3. Fuel oil (-13.4%)
  4. Mortgage interest cost (-0.7%)
  5. Children’s clothing (-4.1%)

Main contributors to the monthly change in the CPI, not seasonally adjusted:

Main upward contributors:

  1. Traveller accommodation (+5.5%)
  2. Travel tours (+5.6%)
  3. Air transportation (+2.6%)
  4. Natural gas (+3.7%)
  5. Electricity (+1.0%)

Main downward contributors:

  1. Gasoline (-5.6%)
  2. Purchase of passenger vehicles (-1.9%)
  3. Women’s clothing (-2.6%)
  4. Footwear (-2.3%)
  5. Fresh fruit (-2.1%)
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