Statistics Canada
Symbol of the Government of Canada

Briefing notes

Warning View the most recent version.

Archived Content

Information identified as archived is provided for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes. It is not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards and has not been altered or updated since it was archived. Please "contact us" to request a format other than those available.


  1. Consumer prices fell 0.9% in the 12 months to September 2009, following the 0.8% decrease posted in August. On an unadjusted monthly basis, consumer prices remained unchanged from August to September, identical to the month-over-month change from July to August.

All-items Consumer Price Index (CPI):

  1. The decline in the 12-month change in the CPI in September was due primarily to a large drop in energy (-18.7%), which came mainly from the fall in prices for gasoline (-23.0%).
  2. 12-month declines in transportation (-7.2%), shelter (-1.8%), and clothing and footwear (-1.2%) continue to exert downward pressure on the CPI.
  3. Upward pressure on the 12-month change came primarily from higher food prices (+2.8%).

Main contributors to the 12-month change in the CPI:

  1. Main upward contributors:
  2. Passenger vehicle insurance premiums (+5.1%)
  3. Food purchased from restaurants (+2.8%)
  4. Education (+4.3%)
  5. Homeowners’ maintenance and repairs (+8.0%)
  1. Main downward contributors:
  2. Gasoline (-23.0%)
  3. Natural gas (-33.0%)
  4. Purchase of passenger vehicles (-5.9%)
  5. Fuel oil and other fuels (-32.7%)
  6. Mortgage interest cost (-2.2%)

Main contributors to the monthly change in the CPI, not seasonally adjusted:

  1. Main upward contributors:
  2. Education (+4.0%)
  3. Women’s clothing (+6.5%)
  4. Telephone services (+1.6%)
  5. Health care (+1.1%)
  1. Main downward contributors:
  2. Purchase of passenger vehicles (-2.2%)
  3. Fresh vegetables (-10.8%)
  4. Gasoline (-1.5%)
  5. Traveller accommodation (-4.2%)