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  1. Symbols
  2. Coefficients of variation
  3. Acknowledgements
  4. Note to users
  5. Note of appreciation
  6. Standards of service to the public
  7. Copyright


The following standard symbols are used in Statistics Canada publications:

not available for any reference period
not available for a specific reference period
not applicable
true zero or a value rounded to zero
value rounded to 0 (zero) where there is a meaningful distinction between true zero and the value that was rounded
suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act
use with caution
too unreliable to be published

Coefficients of variation

excellent (CV range is 0.00% to 4.99%)
very good (CV range is 5.00% to 9.99%)
good (CV range is 10.00% to 14.99%)
acceptable (CV range is 15.00% to 24.99%)


This publication was prepared under the direction of:

  1. Jean Leduc, Director, Industrial Organization and Finance Division
  2. Yves Gauthier, Assistant Director, Industrial Organization and Finance Division
  3. Mario Vella, Chief, Financial Industries Section
  4. David Sabourin, Chief, Industrial Corporations Section
  5. Khalid Berrahou, Senior Economist, Industrial Corporations Section
  6. Shawna Kelly, Project leader, Systems and Electronic Production Section
  7. Brock Macnab, Systems and Electronic Production Section
  8. Louise Noel, Client Services and Publications

Note to users

You can also search through the Statistics Canada catalogue which lists all current products and services available at Statistics Canada.

Note of appreciation

Canada owes the success of its statistical system to a long-standing partnership between Statistics Canada, the citizens of Canada, its businesses, governments and other institutions. Accurate and timely statistical information could not be produced without their continued cooperation and goodwill.

Standards of service to the public

Statistics Canada is committed to serving its clients in a prompt, reliable and courteous manner. To this end, Statistics Canada has developed standards of service that its employees observe.


Published by authority of the Minister responsible for Statistics Canada

© Minister of Industry, 2010

All rights reserved. The content of this electronic publication may be reproduced, in whole or in part, and by any means, without further permission from Statistics Canada, subject to the following conditions: that it be done solely for the purposes of private study, research, criticism, review or newspaper summary, and/or for non-commercial purposes; and that Statistics Canada be fully acknowledged as follows: Source (or "Adapted from", if appropriate): Statistics Canada, year of publication, name of product, catalogue number, volume and issue numbers, reference period and page(s). Otherwise, no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form, by any means—electronic, mechanical or photocopy—or for any purposes without prior written permission of Licensing Services, Client Services Division, Statistics Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1A 0T6.

December 2010

Catalogue no. 61-008-X, vol. 21, no. 3

ISSN 1496-5917

Frequency: Quarterly


Industrial Organization and Finance Division