# Appendix A: Conversion factors

## Archived Content

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## Energy unit equivalent

KJ
= kilojoule = 1,000 joules = 0.948213 BTU's
MJ
= megajoule = 1,000,000 joules
GJ
= gigajoule = 1,000,000,000 joules
TJ
= terajoule = 1,000,000,000 000 joules
PJ
= petajoule = 1.0 x 1,015 joules = 948,213,000,000 joules
1 BTU
= 1,054.615 joules
1 terajoule
= 161.48 barrels crude oil
1 barrel of crude oil
= 6.193 gigajoules
1 tonne oil equivalent (TOE)
= 41.9 GJ
1 tonne coal equivalent (TCE)
= 29.3 GJ

To convert BTU / Barrel of crude oil to TJ / m 3 multiply (BTU / 1000)* 6.6367

## Petroleum product weights

Approximate weights of one cubic metre of petroleum product.

Still Gas
468.7 kg
LPG's
507.5 kg
Aviation gasoline
704.4 kg
Motor gasoline
745.2 kg
Aviation turbo fuel
807.4 kg
Kerosene
807.4 kg
Diesel
839.5 kg
Light fuel oil
839.5 kg
Lubricant oils and greases
938.9 kg
Heavy fuel oil
992.8 kg
Asphalt
999.7 kg
Petroleum coke
1,199.3 kg

## Conversion factors for volume and mass

### To convert cubic metres

To
Multiply by
Barrels
6.289
Gallons (Imperial)
219.969
Gallons (U.S.)
264.172
Cubic feet
35.3147
Litres
1,000.0

To
Multiply by
Long ton
0.98421
Short ton
1.10231
Pounds
2,204.62
Kilograms
1,000.0

### To convert litres

To
Multiply by
Gallon (Imperial)
0.21997
Gallons (U.S.)
0.26417
Barrels (U.S.)
0.00629

To
Multiply by
Pounds
2.20462
Long ton
0.00098
Short ton
0.001102

### To convert barrel (U.S.)

To
Multiply by
Cubic metre
0.15891
Gallon (Imperial)
34.97
Gallon (U.S.)
42.00

To
Multiply by
Cubic metre
0.02833

To
Multiply by
Cubic metre
0.76455

To
Multiply by
Litre
4.546

To
Multiply by
Litre
3.7854

To
Multiply by
Pounds
2,000.0
Metric tonne
0.90718
Long ton
0.89286

To
Multiply by
Pounds
2,240.0
Short ton
1.12
Metric ton
1.016047

## Energy product conversion factors

Petroleum (103M3)
2008
Product
Terajoules
Crude oil
38.991
Light and medium
38.512
Heavy
40.902
Pentanes (C5)
35.172
Petroleum products (103M3)
2008
Product
Terajoules
Gasoline
35.00
Diesel fuel oil
38.30
Light fuel oil
38.80
Aviation gasoline
33.52
Aviation turbo fuels
Kerosene type
33.52
Naphta type
37.40
Kerosene
37.68
Lubes and greases
39.16
Naphtha specialities
35.17
Petrochemical feedstocks
35.17
Still gas
41.733
Heavy fuel oil
42.50
Natural gas liquids(103M3)
2008
Product
Terajoules
Ethane
17.22
Propane
25.31
Butane
28.44
Petroleum coke
43.46
Asphalt
44.46
Other petroleum products
39.82
Electricity (GW.h)
2007
Product
Terajoules
Electricity
3.6
Coal (in kilotonnes)
2008
Product
Terajoules
Anthracite
27.7
Imported bituminous
29.82
28.96
Prince Edward Island
28.96
Nova Scotia
28.96
New Brunswick
26.80
Québec
28.96
Ontario
25.43
Manitoba
26.02
25.43
Alberta
25.43
British Columbia
26.02
Yukon
25.43
Northwest Territories
25.43
Nunavut
25.43
Sub-bituminous (in kilotonnes)
19.15
Lignite
15.00
Coke
28.83
Coke oven gas
19.14
Steam
2.75
Biomass (kilotonnes)
2008
Product
Terajoules
Solid wood waste
18.0
Spenting pulping liquor
14.0

## Annual energy conversion factors

Crude oil (103M3)
For year
Terajoules
2008
38.99
2007
39.32
2006
38.32
2005
38.52
2004
39.28
2003
39.22
2002
39.13
2001
39.21
2000
39.13
1999
39.08
1998
39.11
1997
39.11
1996
39.03
1995
38.98
1994
38.93
1993
38.92
1992
38.96
1991
38.92
Natural gas (106M3)

(15°C and 101.325 kPa)

For year
Terajoules
2008
38.26
2007
38.11
2006
38.18
2005
38.26
2004
38.21
2003
38.20
2002
38.09
2001
38.09
2000
37.99
1999
38.13
1998
38.17
1997
38.12
1996
38.10
1995
38.06
1994
38.55
1993
38.01
1992
37.88
1991
37.83
1990
37.78

## IEA Conversion Factors

International Energy Agency (IEA) conversion factors for converting one metric tonne of oil product to one ton (ton of oil equivalent).

### Oil and oil products

Crude oil
1.022
NGL
1.080
Refinery feed stocks
1.015
Refinery gas
1.150
LPG's
1.130
Aviation gasoline
1.070
Motor gasoline
1.070
Jet fuel
1.065
Kerosene
1.045
Naphtha
1.075
Gas/Diesel
1.035
Other products including heavy fuel oil
0.960

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