Report on Energy Supply and Demand in Canada
2017 Preliminary

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Release date: May 29, 2019
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Primary energy production in Canada increased 5.0% in 2017 to 20,741 petajoules. This followed a 3.1% increase in 2016.

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Primary energy production increases

Primary energy production in Canada increased 5.0% in 2017 to 20,741 petajoules. This followed a 3.1% increase in 2016.

Crude oil accounted for the largest proportion of primary energy production in Canada in 2017 at 46.4%, followed by natural gas (34.4%), primary electricity (9.0%), total coal (6.4%) and gas plant natural gas liquids (3.8%).

It was the eighth consecutive year in which crude oil accounted for the largest share of primary energy production.

Exports and imports increase

Exports of Canadian energy and energy products increased 5.6% in 2017 to 13,253 petajoules.

Canada exported 79.0% of its crude oil production in 2017, and 46.3% of its marketable natural gas.

Imports of energy increased 3.7% in 2017 to 3,784 petajoules. Crude oil accounted for 49.7% of imports, followed by natural gas (24.7%).

Energy consumption increased

Canada's energy consumption increased 2.2% in 2017 to 8,231 petajoules, following a 1.8% decrease in 2016.

Energy use increased in four of six sectors: industrial (+4.0%), residential (+3.4%), commercial and other institutional (+3.0%), and agriculture experienced a slight increase. Transportation and public administration saw a small decrease in energy use.

Within the industrial sector, energy consumption increased in mining and oil and gas extraction (+8.3%), construction (+4.2%), forestry and logging and support activities (+1.9%), and manufacturing (+1.2%).

Retail pump sales continued to represent the largest proportion of energy consumption in the transportation sector (63.4%), followed by road transport and urban transit (13.9%), airlines (9.9%), pipelines (6.7%), railways (3.1%), and marine (2.9%).

Refined petroleum products (38.7%) were the main source of energy consumed in Canada in 2017, followed by natural gas (35.2%) and electricity (22.3%).

Energy consumption trends across the country

Ontario, Alberta and Quebec continued to account for the majority of energy consumed in Canada. In 2017, their combined share of total energy consumption was 73.7%.

Seven provinces recorded increases in energy consumption in 2017 compared with 2016. Alberta (+6.9%) saw the greatest increase, followed by Manitoba (+3.5%), British Columbia (+2.8%), Saskatchewan (+2.5%), Nova Scotia (+1.7%), Prince Edward Island (+1.0%), and Ontario (+0.5%).

Energy consumption decreased in 3 regions in 2017 compared to 2016. The largest decrease was in the Territories (-13.6%), followed by New Brunswick (-5.5%), and Newfoundland and Labrador (-2.6%).

Note to readers

Factors influencing revisions include late receipt of company data and revisions to previously estimated or reported data. The revised data are available in the appropriate tables.

Data for any period may be revised and included in subsequent issues (such revisions are incorporated in the database). Given that further revisions to submitted data are received after the publication issue of any given year, it should be borne in mind that the statistical series shown in this publication are not necessarily the same in every detail as those shown in other publications produced by the Energy Section of Statistics Canada. From time to time, revisions to previous years may be incorporated in the database; tables 25-10-0026-01, 25-10-0027-01, 25-10-0028-01, 25-10-0029-01, 25-10-0030-01 and 25-10-0031-01.


This publication was prepared in the Manufacturing and Energy Division under the direction of Kevin Roberts, Director, and Gabriel Gagnon, Section Chief.

Additional Information

For information, please contact the Marketing and Dissemination Section (613) 951-9497 or toll-free (866) 873-8789;

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