Analysis

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Primary energy production in Canada rose 3.3% in 2013 to 17,912 petajoules. This followed a 3.4% increase in 2012.

One petajoule equals roughly the amount of energy required to operate the Montréal subway system for one year.

Crude oil accounted for the largest proportion of primary energy production in Canada in 2013 at 44.1%. This was followed by natural gas (34.1%), primary electricity (9.7%), total coal (8.6%) and gas plant natural gas liquids (3.5%).

It was the fourth consecutive year in which crude oil accounted for the largest share of primary energy production, replacing natural gas.

Exports increase and imports decrease

Exports of Canadian energy and energy products increased 3.5% in 2013 to 11,623 petajoules.

In 2013, 58.7% of primary energy produced in Canada was destined for export markets, primarily the United States.

Canada exported 75.0% of its crude oil production in 2013, and 52.4% of its marketable natural gas.

Imports of energy decreased 9.9% in 2013 to 3,338 petajoules. Crude oil accounted for 43.9% of imports, followed by natural gas (31.1%), as the two commodities combined for three-quarters of energy-related imports.

Energy consumption increased slightly

Canada's energy consumption increased 2.2% in 2013 to 8,289 petajoules, following a 1.5% decrease in 2012.

Energy use, final demand increased in five of its six sectors led by public administration (+6.0%), agriculture (+5.0%), residential (+4.8%), total transportation (+2.3%), and total industrial (+2.1%). The only area to experience a decline was the commercial and other institutional sector (-1.2%).

Within the total industrial sector, energy consumption increased in total mining oil and gas extraction (+3.5%), total manufacturing (+1.4%), and forestry and logging and support activities (+0.1%). It declined in construction (-1.2%).

The share of total transportation in 2013 continued to be dominated by energy consumption in retail pump sales (62.6%), followed by road transport and urban transit (16.1%). Pipelines accounted for 5.2% of consumption, while railways made up 3.5%.

Refined petroleum products (38.8%) were the main source of energy consumed in Canada in 2013, followed by natural gas (32.6%) and electricity (20.9%).

Energy consumption shifting across the country

Ontario, Alberta and Quebec continued to account for most of the energy consumed in Canada. In 2013, their combined share of total energy consumption was 75.1%. Alberta has been increasing its share of energy consumption in Canada since 2009.

Four provinces recorded decreases in energy consumption in 2013 compared with 2012. New Brunswick (-14.4%) led the declines, followed by Prince Edward Island (-13.1%), Newfoundland and Labrador (-8.2%), and Nova Scotia (-3.9%).

In turn, energy consumption increased in six provinces in 2013 as Saskatchewan experienced a 6.9% rise, followed by Alberta (+4.4%), Manitoba (+2.9%), Ontario (+2.4%), British Columbia (+1.5%) and Quebec (+1.5%).

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