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Alessandrini, Megan. 2006. Getting Connected: Can Social Capital be Virtual? (accessed August 13, 2008).

Amato, Paul, Alan Booth, David Johnson and Stacy Rogers. 2008. Alone Together: How Marriage in America is Changing. Cambridge, MA. Harvard University Press.

Ball-Rokeach, Sandra, Yong-Chan Kim and Sorin Matei. 2001. "Storytelling neighborhood: Paths to belonging in diverse urban environments." Communication Research Vol. 28. p. 392-428.

Behrens, Dean, Paul Glavin and Barry Wellman. 2007. Connected Lives North - Chapleau: Report on the Introduction of High-Speed Internet to a Northern Ontario Rural Community. Bell Canada and University of Toronto, May.

Benkler, Yochai. 2006. The Wealth of Networks: How Social Production Transforms Markets and Freedom. New Haven, CT. Yale University Press.

Bessière, Katherine, Sara Kiesler, Robert Kraut and Bonka Boneva. 2008. "Effects of Internet use and social resources on changes in depression," Information, Communication and Society Vol. 11, no. 1. p. 47-70.

Boase, Jeffrey. 2008. "Personal networks and the personal communication system: Using multiple media to connect," Information, Communication and Society Vol. 11, no. 4. p. 490-508.

Boase, Jeffrey, John B. Horrigan, Barry Wellman and Lee Rainie. 2006. The Strength of Internet Ties: The Internet and Email Aid Users in Maintaining Their Social Networks and Provide Pathways to Help When People Face Big Decisions. Pew Internet and American Life Project, Washington D.C., January. (accessed March 15, 2007).

Canadian Council on Social Development (CCSD). 2000. Social Cohesion in Canada: Possible Indicators. (accessed August 13, 2008).

Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC). 2007. Broadcasting Policy Monitoring Report 2007. Catalogue no. BC9-1/2007E-PDF. (accessed June 5, 2008).

Carrasco, J.A. and E.J. Miller. 2006. "Exploring the propensity to perform social activities: Social networks approach." Transportation Vol. 33. p. 463-480.

Castells, Manuel. 2000. The Rise of the Network Society. 2nd edition, Oxford, Blackwell Publishing.

Castells, Manuel, Imma Tubella, Teresa Sancho, and Barry Wellman. 2003. The Network Society in Catalonia: An Empirical Analysis. Barcelona, Universitat Oberta Catalunya.

Cobb, Chris. 2007. "Rural communities still waiting to ride information highway." Ottawa Citizen, Mar. 25.

Cole, Jeffrey and John P. Robinson. 2002. "Internet use, mass media and other activity in the UCLA data." IT and Society. Vol. 1, no. 2. p. 121-133.

Collins, Jessica and Barry Wellman. 2008. Connected rural lives: Chapleau Ontario on and offline. Presented to the Rural Sociology Association, Manchester, NH. July.

Dryburgh, Heather. 2001. Changing our Ways: Why and how Canadians use the Internet, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 56F0006XIE, Mar. 26. (accessed August 12, 2008).

Fischer, Claude. 2004. "Bowling alone: What's the score?" Social Networks Vol. 27, no. 2. p. 155-67.

Fischer, Claude. 1982. To Dwell Among Friends. Chicago. Chicago University Press.

Hall, Michael, David Lasby, Glenn Gumulka and Catherine Tryon. 2006. Caring Canadians, Involved Canadians: Highlights from the 2004 Canada Survey of Giving, Volunteering and Participating. Statistics Canada. Catalogue. no. 71-542-X. (accessed August 13, 2008).

Hamburger, Y.A. and Ben-Artzi, E. 2000. "The relationship between extraversion and neuroticism and the different uses of the Internet." Computers in Human Behavior Vol. 16. p. 441–449.

Hargittai, Eszter. 2002. "Second-level digital divide: Differences in peoples' online skills." First Monday. Vol. 7.

Harmon, Amy. 1998. "Sad, lonely world discovered in cyberspace." New York Times, Aug. 30. p. 1.

Heilemann, John. 2007. "When they were young." New York Magazine. Oct. 22.

Howard, Philip N. 2006. New Media Campaigns and the Managed Citizen. New York, Cambridge University Press.

Howard, P., L. Rainie and S. Jones. 2001. "Days and nights on the Internet: The impact of diffusing technology." American Behavioral Scientist. Vol. 45. p. 450-472.

Inglehart, Ronald. 1990. Culture Shift in Advanced Industrial Society. Princeton, NJ. Princeton University Press.

Jennings, M. and Zeitner, C. 2003. "Internet use and civic engagement." Public Opinion Quarterly. Vol. 67. p. 311-334.

Kadushin, Charles. 2002. "The motivational foundation of social networks." Social Networks Vol. 24. p. 77-91.

Katz, James and Ronald Rice. 2008. "Falling into the Net: Main Street America playing games and making friends online." Communications of the ACM. (in press).

Kayahara, Jennifer and Barry Wellman. 2007. "Searching for culture – high and low." Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, April. (accessed August 13, 2008).

Kayahara, Jennifer, Barry Wellman, Jeffrey Boase, Bernie Hogan and Tracy Kennedy. 2005. Canadians, Culture, and Computers. Report to Heritage Canada by Wellman Associates. July 30.

Kennedy, Tracy and Barry Wellman. 2007. "The networked household," Information, Communication and Society. Vol. 10, no. 5. p. 647-70.

Keown, Leslie-Anne. 2007. "Keeping up with the times: Canadians and their news media diet." Canadian Social Trends. No. 82. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 11-008-XWE. Mar. 27. (accessed August 13, 2008).

Kraut, Robert, Sara Kiesler, Bonka Boneva and Irina Shklovski. 2005. "Examining the impact of Internet use on TV viewing: Details make a difference." in Robert Kraut, et al. (eds.) Computers, Phones, and the Internet: Domesticating Information Technology. Series in Human-Technology Interaction. Oxford University Press.

Kraut, Robert, Sara Kiesler, Bonka Boneva, Jonathon Cummings, Vicki Helgeson and Anne Crawford. 2002. "Internet paradox revisited." Journal of Social Issues Vol. 58, no. 1. p. 49-74.

Kraut, Robert, Sara Kiesler, Tridas Mukhopadhyay, William Scherlis and Michael Patterson. 1998. "Social impact of the Internet: What does it mean?" Communications of the ACM. Vol. 41, no. 2. p. 21-22.

Larose, R., M.S. Eastin and J. Gregg. 2001. "Reformulating the Internet paradox: Social cognitive explanations of Internet use and depression." Journal of Online Behavior Vol. 1, no. 2.

Lijphart, Arend. 1997. "Unequal participation: Democracy's unresolved dilemma." American Political Science Review. Vol. 91. p. 1-14.

Mallaby, Sebastian. 2006. "Why so lonesome?" Washington Post. June 26, p. A21.

McKeown, Larry and Anthony Noce. 2007. Factors Influencing Internet Use in Canada: Does Urban Size Matter? Paper presented for the May 2007 Statistics Canada Socio-economic Conference, Ottawa.

McPherson, Miller, Lynn Smith-Lovin and Matthew E. Brashears. 2006. "Social isolation in America: Changes in core discussion networks over two decades." American Sociological Review. Vol. 71. p. 353-375.

Middleton, Catherine and Jonathan Ellison. 2008. "Understanding Internet usage among broadband households: A study of Household Internet Use Survey Data." Working Paper Series. No. 3. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 88F006X. (in press).

Mok, Diana, Barry Wellman and Juan-Antonio Carrasco. 2008. Does Distance Matter in the Age of the Internet? International Sunbelt Social Network Conference, St. Petersburg, FL. January.

Montagnier, Pierre. 2007. Broadband and ICT Access and Use by Households and Individuals. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Paper prepared for the May 2007 Meeting of the Working Party on the Information Economy.

National Broadband Task Force. 2001. The New National Dream: Networking the Nation for Broadband Access. Report of the National Broadband Task Force, Industry Canada, Catalogue no. C2-574/2001E, June. (accessed July 23, 2008).

Niemi, Richard G. and Herbert F. Weisberg (eds.). 2001. Controversies in Voting Behavior. Washington, D.C. CQ Press.

Olive, David. 2007. "Rumours of newspapers' demise." The Toronto Star. Apr. 8. (accessed August 13, 2008).

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). 2004. Information Technology Outlook 2004. Paris. (accessed August 12, 2008).

OECD. 2001. Understanding the Digital Divide. Paris.

Payne, January W. 2006. "Caught in the Web: More people say heavy Internet use is disrupting their lives, and medical experts are paying attention." The Washington Post. Nov. 14. p. HE01.

Policy Research Initiative. 2003. Social Capital Workshop June 2003: Concepts, Measurement and Policy Implications. (accessed August 11, 2008).

Pronovost, Gilles. 2002. "The Internet and time displacement: A Canadian perspective." IT and Society. Vol. 1, no. 2.

Putnam, Robert. 2004. Education, Diversity, Social Cohesion and Social Capital. Note for discussion, Meeting of OECD Education Ministers, March 18-19, Dublin. (accessed August 11, 2008).

Putnam, Robert. 2000. Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival and American Community. New York. Simon and Schuster.

Quan-Haase, Anabel and Barry Wellman with James Witte and Keith Hampton. 2002. "Capitalizing on the Internet: Network capital, participatory capital, and sense of community," in Wellman, Barry and Caroline Haythornthwaite (eds.) The Internet in Everyday Life. p. 291-324. Oxford, Blackwell Publishing.

Robinson, John and Steven Martin. 2008. IT and Activity Displacement: Behavioral Evidence from the U.S. General Social Survey (GSS). Working paper, Department of Sociology, University of Maryland.

Schellenberg, Grant. 2004. 2003 General Social Survey on Social Engagement, Cycle 17: An Overview of Findings. Statistics Canada. Catalogue no. 89-598-X, July. (accessed August 13, 2008).

Sciadas, George. 2006. "Our lives in digital times." Connectedness Series. No. 14. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 56F0004M. (accessed August 12, 2008).

Sciadas, George (ed.). 2005. From the Digital Divide to Digital Opportunities: Measuring Infostates for Development. National Research Council of Canada and Orbicom. (accessed August 12, 2008).

Sciadas, George. 2003. Monitoring the Digital Divide… and Beyond. National Research Council of Canada and Orbicom. (accessed August 12, 2008).

Sciadas, George. 2002. "Unveiling the digital divide." Connectedness Series. No. 7. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 56F0004M. (accessed August 13, 2008).

Shah, D., J. McLeod and S. Yoon. 2001. "Communication, context, and community: An exploration of print, broadcast, and Internet influences." Communication Research. Vol. 28, no. 4. p. 464-506.

Shaw, Lindsay H. and Larry M. Gant. 2002. "Users divided? Exploring the gender gap in Internet use." Cyberpsychology and Behavior. Vol. 5, no. 6.

Silver, Cynthia. 2001. "Internet use among older Canadians." Connectedness Series. No. 4. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 56F0004M. Aug. 24. (accessed August 13, 2008).

Standing Senate Committee on Agriculture and Forestry. 2008. Beyond Freefall: Halting Rural Poverty. Final Report. June. (accessed August 11, 2008).

Statistics Canada. 2008. "Canadian Internet Use Survey." The Daily. June 12. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 11-001-X. (accessed August 13, 2008).

Thayer, Stacy E. and Sukanya Ray. 2006. "Online communication preferences across age, gender, and duration of Internet use." Cyberpsychology and Behavior. Vol. 9, no. 4.

Turcotte, Martin. 2007. "Time spent with family during a typical workday, 1986 to 2005." Canadian Social Trends. No. 82. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 11-008-X. Feb. 13. (accessed August 13, 2008).

Underhill, C. and C. Ladds. 2007. "Connecting with Canadians: Assessing the use of Government On-Line." Connectedness Series. No. 15. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 56F0004MIE. (accessed May 5, 2008).

U.S. Department of Commerce. 2004. A Nation Online: Entering the Broadband Age. September.

Veenhof, Ben. 2006a. "The Internet: Is it changing the way Canadians spend their time?" Connectedness Series. No. 13. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 56F0004M. (accessed May 5, 2008).

Veenhof, Ben. 2006b. Determinants and Outcomes of Heavy Computer Use: An International and Interprovincial Comparison. Presentation at Statistics Canada Socio-economic Conference. Gatineau, Que. May 15.

Veenhof, Ben. 2006c. "The Internet experience of younger and older Canadians." Innovation Analysis Bulletin. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 88-003-X. Vol. 8, no. 1. February. (accessed August 13, 2008).

Veenhof, Ben and Cindy Lecavalier. 2006. "Are Internet users tuning out traditional media?" Innovation Analysis Bulletin. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 88-003-X. Vol. 8, no. 3. December. (accessed August 13, 2008).

Veenhof, Ben, Prabir Neogi and Bryan van Tol. 2003. "High-speed on the information highway: Broadband in Canada." Connectedness Series. No. 10. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 56F0004M. (accessed August 14, 2008).

Wang, Hua and Barry Wellman. 2008. Social Connectivity in America: On and Offline. International Sunbelt Social Network Conference. St. Petersburg, FL. January.

Wellman, Barry. 2001. "Physical place and cyber-place: Changing portals and the rise of networked individualism." International Journal for Urban and Regional Research. Vol. 25, no. 2. p. 227-52.

Wellman, Barry. 1979. "The community question: The intimate networks of East Yorkers." American Journal of Sociology. Vol. 84. p. 1201-31.

Wellman, B., and B. Hogan, with K. Berg, J. Boase, J.A. Carrasco, R. Côté, J. Kayahara, T.L.M. Kennedy and P. Tran. 2006. "Connected Lives: The project." Chapter 8 in Purcell, Patrick (ed.) Networked Neighbourhoods. Berlin. Springer Publishing.

Wellman, Barry and Bernie Hogan. 2004. "The immanent Internet." in McKay, Johnston (ed.) Netting Citizens: Exploring Citizenship in the Internet Age. p. 54-80. Edinburgh. Saint Andrew Press.

Wellman, Barry, Anabel Quan-Haase, Jeffrey Boase, Wenhong Chen, Keith Hampton, Isabel Isla de Diaz and Kakuko Miyata. 2003. "The social affordances of the Internet for networked individualism." Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication Vol. 8, no. 3. April. (accessed August 13, 2008).

Wellman, Barry and Scot Wortley. 1990. "Different strokes from different folks: Community ties and social support." American Journal of Sociology. Vol. 96. p. 558-88.

Wellman, Barry, Peter Carrington and Alan Hall. 1988. "Networks as personal communities." in Wellman, Barry and S.D. Berkowitz (eds.) Social Structures: A Network Approach. p. 130-184. Cambridge U.K. Cambridge University Press.

Williams, Cara. 2001. "Connected to the Internet, still connected to life?" Canadian Social Trends. No. 63. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 11-008-X. Winter. (accessed August 13, 2008).

Xenos, Michael and Patricia Moy. 2007. "Direct and differential effects of the Internet on political and civic engagement." Journal of Communication. Vol. 57. p. 704-18.