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  1. In 2011, Canadian Level I and II air carriers reported 61.3 million enplaned passengers in their scheduled and charter operations, up 6.5% from 2010. The scheduled passenger counts totalled 56.8 million and the charter passenger counts, 4.5 million. The scheduled passenger counts reached 15.7 million in the third quarter of 2011, the highest number ever recorded for a quarter, surpassing the 14.6 million reported in the same quarter of 2010. In terms of passenger-kilometres flown, these carriers recorded 146.1 billion passenger-kilometres in their scheduled and charter operations in 2011, up 8.0% from the previous year.
  2. In 2011, Canadian Level I and II air carriers reported a slight improvement in their scheduled passenger load factor (a measure of the fullness of their aircraft) compared to 2010. The passenger load factor improved from 81.3% in 2010 to 81.5% in 2011, as the demand, as measured by passenger-kilometres, advanced at a slightly faster pace (+8.5%) than the supply (capacity), as measured by available seat-kilometres (+8.3%). The passenger load factor on scheduled flights reached an all-time high (85.2%) in the third quarter of 2011—largely due to a stronger increase in demand than in capacity; in the same quarter in 2010, it had reached 84.2%. The capacity increased in the four quarters of 2011, continuing the upward trend that began in the fourth quarter of 2009, which coincided with the end of the economic downturn—emanating from global financial market crisis—that started to impact Canada (and the world) in the second half of 2008.
  3. In 2011, the total operating revenues generated by the Canadian Level I and II air carriers amounted to $17.9 billion, up 9.3% (or +$1.5 billion) from 2010. The growth in operating revenues (passenger revenues accounted for 89.7% of total operating revenues in 2011) can be mainly tied to a yield (passenger revenues per passenger-kilometre) increase of 1.7% driven by the continuous recovery in the Canadian economy and in the airline industry, increased air fares and fuel surcharges. The total operating expenses amounted to $17.3 billion in 2011, up 11.3% (or +$1.8 billion) from the previous year. This rise was led by airline capacity growth, higher fuel prices, and increased wages and salaries paid. Partly offsetting these increases was the impact of a stronger Canadian dollar on foreign currency denominated expenses. These carriers reported an operating income of $578.9 million in 2011.
  4. Canadian Level I and II air carriers reported a net income of $63.0 million in 2011, a decline of 85.8% from the $442.7 million profit recorded in 2010. The non-operating expenses of $123.4 million in the second quarter of 2011, and of $386.8 million in the third quarter of 2011, largely accounted for this decline.
  5. Between the first quarter of 2011 and the fourth quarter of 2011, the operating ratio (it displays the carrier's ability to meet its short-term obligations and represents the proportion of operating revenue absorbed by operating expenses) hovered between 0.92 in the third quarter and 1.00 in the first and fourth quarters. Overall, this means that the Canadian Level I and II air carriers made 8.0 cents of profit for every dollar spent in the third quarter of 2011 and nil profit in the first and fourth quarters. An operating ratio greater than one would indicate that these carriers experienced an operating loss.
  6. Between the first quarter of 2011 and the fourth quarter of 2011, the highest profit margin (it indicates the profit margin earned by revenue dollar and is obtained by dividing net income by operating revenue—this ratio is expressed as a percentage) was recorded in the first quarter (1.0%). This shows that every dollar of service sold earned 1.0 cent of profit for the Canadian Level I and II air carriers. The negative result for the fourth quarter (-1.1%) reflected the increases in operating expenses (aircraft operations—fuel cost and salaries and wages) and non-operating expenses (net miscellaneous non-operating expenses), which offset the gains in operating revenues.
  7. In 2011, the operating revenue per employee varied from $88,205 in the fourth quarter to $102,647 in the third quarter. This employee productivity measure showed quarterly year-over-year increases from 2010 to 2011, the gains ranging from 4.0% in the fourth quarter to 9.7% in the second quarter. Another yardstick used to measure productivity within the aviation industry is to calculate tonne-kilometres flown per employee. According to this measure, labour productivity in 2011 bettered the previous year level in each quarter, the increases ranging from 3.8% in the fourth quarter to 5.1% in the first quarter. As for the previous year, the tonne-kilometres flown per employee were higher in the third quarter, at 96,855.
  8. Total employment reported by Canadian Level I and II air carriers rose in each quarter of 2011 compared to the previous year, the gains ranging from 1.2% in the fourth quarter to 3.2% in the second quarter. The string of quarterly year-over-year increases for total wages and salaries paid by Canadian Level I and II air carriers that began in the fourth quarter of 2005 continued in each quarter of 2011.
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