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Notes

1.In the past, the term “carrier” was used synonymously with establishment. For purposes of clarity (and to avoid any confusion with the terms “business” or “company”), the term “establishment” is henceforth used. An establishment represents the smallest entity for which there is data on the value of production and the cost and quantities of input used in production. This means that one company can represent several establishments, especially if it has facilities in several provinces. On the other hand, please note also that an independent contractor is also an establishment if it generates and declares revenue related to local messenger services (see Concept, methodology and data quality section for further details).
2.For further information on the results of the 2005 Canadian Internet Use Survey (CIUS), go to: /daily-quotidien/061101/dq061101a-eng.htm
3.CANSIM database, Statistics Canada, Table 379-0017. GDP by industry provides information for current economic analysis, from an industry point of view.
4.CANSIM database, Statistics Canada, Table 281-0024, (data unadjusted for seasonal variation). The Survey of Employment, Payrolls and Hours is Canada’s only source of detailed information on the total number of paid employees, payrolls and hours at detailed industrial, provincial and territorial levels.
5.CANSIM database, Statistics Canada, Table 329-0053 (calculated annual average). The Couriers and Messengers Services Price Index (CMSPI) is a monthly price index measuring the change over time in prices for courier and messenger services provided by long and short distance delivery companies to Canadian-based business clients.
6.For purposes of the survey, segment categorization is based on self-identification by the establishments. Due to its more “generic” or commonly used name, the number of establishments in the couriers segment may be overestimated to the detriment of those in the local delivery services segment (see Concept, Methodology and Data Quality Section for a full definition).
7.Note that, based on the year 2004 (revised data), only establishments belonging to incorporated companies are classified under the couriers segment. All of the establishments belonging to “unincorporated companies” (owner operators) are classified as such under the local messengers segment.
8.Please note that, aside from the fact that courier work is the principal gainful activity of the independent workers included in the survey population, the duration of the activity (e.g.: 6 months vs. all year) or its intensity (full-time or part-time) is not taken into account here. This limitation is due to the use of taxation data.
9.Some of the factors responsible for concentration in this sector include barriers to entry, such as economies of scale and scope (in terms of finances, expertise or innovation), size of the required investment (e.g.: use of cargo aircraft, warehouse operations management, etc.), and the need to operate an extensive network of transfer points effectively under time constraints.
10.It is important to remember that the entity under study in this survey is the “establishment” and that any data regarding a “business” entity is provided for information only. Because they are derived from secondary sources and due to their associated level of complexity (one business can have several establishments with activities in more than one industry) and the fact that they do not undergo a specific quality analysis, data related to businesses must, therefore, be used with caution.
11.The purpose of the tax replacement program is to replace part of the sample with taxation data in order to reduce the response burden for respondents. In 2005, it corresponded to 55% of the simplge and single businesses.