Rural Commuting: Its Relevance to Rural and Urban Labour Markets

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By Spencer Harris, Alessandro Alasia and Ray D. Bollman, Statistics Canada



  • Rural commuters are as dependent upon rural-based jobs as they are upon urban-based jobs.
  • The rural labour pool is not a major supplier of workers to urban-based jobs with only 4% of urban jobs being filled by rural residents. However, these urban-based jobs account for 16% of the rural workforce.
  • Urban workers form a small but still sizable share of rural-based employment. About 7% of rural-based jobs are filled by workers who live in urban areas. However, these rural-based jobs only provide employment for 1% of urban workers.

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