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Table 1  Population change in census rural areas, Canada, provinces and territories, 1951 to 2006

Table 2  Population change in rural and small town areas by Metropolitan Influenced Zone (MIZ), Canada, provinces and territories, 1986 to 2006

Table 3  Population change by type of region, Canada, provinces and territories, 1981 to 2006


Figure 1  Rural population in Canada became a minority after 1921

Figure 2  The census rural population grew in the 1950s, 1970s, 1980s and 2001 to 2006

Figure 3  The share of the census rural population residing within urban labour markets has more than doubled since 1976

Figure 4  In 2006, 6 million individuals were living in rural and small town areas

Figure 5  Larger cities grew more than smaller cities and (except from 1976 to 1981) smaller cities grew more than rural and small town areas

Figure 6  Share of population in rural and small town areas declined to 19% in 2006

Figure 7  Canada's most populous provinces are the least rural

Figure 8  In 2006, Quebec and Ontario had one-half of Canada's rural and small town population

Figure 9  Within rural and small town areas in 2006, 4.2 million people were living in either a moderate or weak Metropolitan Influenced Zone (MIZ)

Figure 10  In each period, the population in the strong Metropolitan Influenced Zone (MIZ) grew faster than in the moderate Metropolitan Influenced Zone (MIZ) which, in turn, grew faster than in the weak Metropolitan Influenced Zone (MIZ)

Figure 11  Growing population in rural metro-adjacent regions

Figure 12  The predominantly rural population grew, but more slowly than the population of intermediate or predominantly urban regions

Figure 13  Declining share of population in each type of rural region