Map 2.4
Deforestation by ecozone and by sector, 1990 to 2015

Map 2.4 Deforestation by ecozone and by sector, 1990 to 2015

Description for Map 2.4

The title of this map is "Deforestation by ecozone and by sector, 1990 to 2015." This map displays information on the amount and cause of deforestation by ecozone.

On this map, a darker colour indicates a higher level of deforestation. Category 1a (very dark green) is 2,308 km2 to less than 5,849 km2; category 2a (dark green) is 913 km2 to less than 2,308 km2; category 3a (green) is 457 km2 to less than 913 km2; category 4a (light green) is 1 km2 to less than 457 km2; and category 5a (white) is 0 km2. The cause of deforestation is indicated with a pie chart that shows the percent of deforestation by sector. Category 6s (yellow) represents agriculture; category 7s (green) represents forestry; category 8s (orange) represents mining, oil and gas; category 9s (purple) represents built-up; category 10s represents hydro-electric production. Water is pale blue.

A solid black line defines ecozone boundaries. Ecozones are identified with numbers that correspond to named legend entries. No data is available for the Arctic ecozones—these areas are displayed in grey.

The Boreal Plains and Boreal Shield ecozones experienced the most deforestation from 1990 to 2015, followed by the Atlantic Maritime, Montane Cordillera, Mixedwood Plains and Prairies. The sectors responsible for most deforestation include agriculture and mining, oil and gas, followed by built-up, hydro-electric production and forestry, though the proportion varies by ecozone.

Notes: Deforestation from forestry results from the creation of permanent forest roads. Built-up includes industrial, commercial, institutional and residential development as well as recreational area and transportation. Hydro-electric production includes infrastructure and reservoirs. Deforestation from peat mines has been excluded. Estimates of deforestation are produced by Canada's National Deforestation Monitoring System, which was designed to meet the information needs for reporting under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

Source: Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, National Deforestation Monitoring System, special tabulation May 12, 2017; Statistics Canada, Environment, Energy and Transportation Statistics Division, 2018.

Map 2.4 Legend
Table summary
This table displays the results of Legned for Map 2.4. First part of the table: The information is grouped by Category (appearing as row headers), Deforested area (square kilometres) and Colour (appearing as column headers) and second part of the table: The information is grouped by Category (appearing as row headers), Deforestation by sector (percent of total deforestation) and Colour (appearing as column headers).
Category Deforested area (km2) Colour
1a 2,308 to < 5,849 Very dark green
2a 913 to < 2,308 Dark green
3a 457 to < 913 Green
4a 1 to < 457 Light green
5a 0 White
Category Deforestation by sector (% of total deforestation) Colour
6s Agriculture Yellow
7s Forestry Green
8s Mining, oil and gas Orange
9s Built-up Purple
10s Hydro-electric production Turquoise
Map 2.4 Data
Table summary
This table displays the results of data for Map 2.4. The information is grouped by Ecozone (appearing as row headers), Code, Deforested area, Deforestation by sector, Agriculture, Forestry, Mining, oil and gas, Built-up, Hydro-electric production and Total, calculated using square kilometres and percent units of measure (appearing as column headers).
Ecozone Code Deforested area Deforestation by sector
Agriculture Forestry Mining, oil and gas Built-up Hydro-electric production Total
km2 percent
Arctic Cordillera 1 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Northern Arctic 2 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Soutern Arctic 3 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Taiga Plains 4 263 9 2 75 11 3 100
Taiga Shield 5 456 0 0 0 1 99 100
Boreal Shield 6 2,307 18 16 8 16 41 100
Atlantic Maritime 7 912 37 4 14 40 6 100
Mixedwood Plains 8 838 51 0 10 39 1 100
Boreal Plains 9 5,849 53 2 37 8 1 100
Prairies 10 799 92 0 2 6 0 100
Taiga Cordillera 11 0 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Boreal Cordillera 12 53 24 12 34 30 0 100
Pacific Maritime 13 346 13 7 13 59 7 100
Montane Cordillera 14 871 29 21 22 24 5 100
Hudson Plains 15 12 0 0 15 15 70 100
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