Map 2.2
Forest type and forest area by ecozone 2006

Map 2.2 Forest type and forest area by ecozone 2006

Description for Map 2.2

The title of this map is "Forest type and forest area by ecozone, 2006." This map provides a visual representation of the proportion of each ecozone that is classified as forest area, as well as the distribution of forest types across Canada.

On this map, each colour represents a forest type. Category 1 (green) represents areas with coniferous forests, category 2 (pink) represents areas with broadleaf forests, category 3 (cream) represents areas with unidentified tree species and category 4 (white) indicates that there are no trees. The proportion of forest area in each ecozone is illustrated using a tree icon with the level of colouration representing the proportion, which is also displayed as a percentage value below the icon. Water is pale blue.

A solid black line defines ecozone boundaries. Ecozones are identified with numbers that correspond to named legend entries. Non-inventoried ecozones are white with a diagonal grey line—there is no data for these areas.

Coniferous forests are the main forest type across much of Canada, but particularly in the Pacific Maritime and Montane Cordillera ecozones in the west and the northern part of the Boreal Shield ecozone. Broadleaf forests occur throughout major parts of the Prairies, Mixedwood Plains and Boreal Plains ecozones, and to a lesser extent in the Atlantic Maritime, Taiga Plains and Boreal Shield ecozones. Ecozones with the highest percentages of forest area include the Atlantic Maritime, Boreal Shield and Montane Cordillera. Ecozones with the lowest percentages of forest area include the Prairies, Taiga Cordillera and the Mixedwood Plains.

Notes: This map provides a visual representation of the proportion of each ecozone that is classified as forest area, as well as the distribution of forest types across Canada. Non-inventoried land includes the Arctic ecozones (Arctic Cordillera, Northern Arctic, Southern Arctic) and small portions of the Taiga Plains and Hudson Plains ecozones located in Nunavut—areas that are largely devoid of tree cover. Areas where the dominant tree species was unidentified by the mapping technique generally have little tree cover.

Sources: Statistics Canada, Environment, Energy and Transportation Statistics Division, 2018, Canada's National Forest Inventory (NFI), 2016, Grouped kNN Map layers, http://tree.pfc.forestry.ca (accessed April 7, 2017); NFI, 2013, Table 4.1 Area (1000 ha) of forest and non-forest land by terrestrial ecozone in Canada, revised 2006 baseline, Version 3, December 2013, https://nfi.nfis.org/en/standardreports (accessed April 7, 2017).

Map 2.2 Legend
Table summary
This table displays the results of Legend for Map 2.2. The information is grouped by Category (appearing as row headers), Forest type and Colour (appearing as column headers).
Category Forest type Colour
1 Coniferous forest Green
2 Broadleaf forest Pink
3 Unidentified Cream
4 No trees White
Map 2.2 Data
Table summary
This table displays the results of data for Map 2.2. The information is grouped by Ecozone (appearing as row headers), Code, Forest area and Total area, calculated using square kilometres and percent units of measure (appearing as column headers).
Ecozone Code Forest area Total area Forest area
square kilometres percent
Arctic Cordillera 1 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Northern Arctic 2 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Soutern Arctic 3 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Taiga Plains 4 336,012 567,386 59
Taiga Shield 5 462,929 1,100,387 42
Boreal Shield 6 1,312,747 1,640,258 80
Atlantic Maritime 7 162,957 196,722 83
Mixedwood Plains 8 31,692 110,616 29
Boreal Plains 9 384,547 670,908 57
Prairies 10 11,978 450,972 3
Taiga Cordillera 11 64,429 264,574 24
Boreal Cordillera 12 191,165 459,333 42
Pacific Maritime 13 107,441 203,302 53
Montane Cordillera 14 311,285 474,574 66
Hudson Plains 15 98,577 344,504 29
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