Map 2.1
Treed area in Canada, 2006

Map 2.1 Treed area in Canada, 2006

Description for Map 2.1

The title of this map is "Treed area in Canada, 2006." This map provides a visual representation of the distribution of treed area across Canada.

The map has two components–a large map indicating the percentage of treed area and an inset showing the extent of the boreal zone.

On the main map, the level of shading represents the percentage of treed area. The colour ranges on a scale from white (0%) through light green (50%) to green (100%). On the inset map, the boreal zone is shown in medium green with the rest of Canada shown in white. Non-boreal zone areas outside of Canada are shown in grey. Water is pale blue.

A solid black line defines ecozone boundaries. Ecozones are identified with numbers that correspond to named legend entries. Non-inventoried ecozones are white with a diagonal grey line—there is no data for these areas.

Ecozones with some of the highest percentages of treed area include the Atlantic Maritime, Boreal Shield and Montane Cordillera. Ecozones with the lowest percentages of treed area include the Prairies, Mixedwood Plains and Taiga Cordillera.

Notes: This map provides a visual representation of the distribution of treed area across Canada. Data for treed area are available from the National Forest Inventory by ecozone. Treed area is different from forest area—the former includes areas with trees on non-forest land use areas (e.g., agricultural or urban lands) while forest area includes lands that are temporarily unstocked with trees (e.g., after disturbance or harvesting) and that are expected to regenerate. Non-inventoried land includes the Arctic ecozones (Arctic Cordillera, Northern Arctic, Southern Arctic) and small portions of the Taiga Plains and Hudson Plains ecozones located in Nunavut—areas that are largely devoid of tree cover.

Sources: Statistics Canada, Environment, Energy and Transportation Statistics Division, 2018; Canada's National Forest Inventory (NFI), 2016, Grouped kNN Map layers, http://tree.pfc.forestry.ca (accessed April 7, 2017); NFI, 2013, Table 1.1 Area (1000 ha) of land cover by terrestrial ecozone in Canada, revised 2006 baseline, Version 3, December 2013, https://nfi.nfis.org/en/standardreports (accessed April 7, 2017); Brandt, J.P., 2009, "The extent of the North American boreal zone," Environmental Reviews, Vol. 17, p. 101–161; Natural Resources Canada, 2016, North American Boreal Zone Map Shapefiles, www.nrcan.gc.ca/forests/boreal/14252 (accessed June 15, 2017).

Map 2.1 Data
Table summary
This table displays the results of data for Map 2.1. The information is grouped by Ecozone (appearing as row headers), Code, Treed area, Water, Total area and Treed area, calculated using square kilometres and percent units of measure (appearing as column headers).
Ecozone Code Treed area Water Total area Treed area
square kilometres percent
Arctic Cordillera 1 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Northern Arctic 2 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Soutern Arctic 3 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Taiga Plains 4 345,050 90,295 657,681 52
Taiga Shield 5 477,069 292,841 1,393,228 34
Boreal Shield 6 1,285,529 280,815 1,921,073 67
Atlantic Maritime 7 158,584 4,849 201,571 79
Mixedwood Plains 8 33,494 57,925 168,541 20
Boreal Plains 9 442,343 69,813 740,721 60
Prairies 10 20,831 15,621 466,592 4
Taiga Cordillera 11 64,531 2,477 267,052 24
Boreal Cordillera 12 190,041 11,476 470,809 40
Pacific Maritime 13 101,549 5,458 208,760 49
Montane Cordillera 14 303,925 15,210 489,784 62
Hudson Plains 15 198,152 27,472 371,976 53
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