Table 2.4

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Landscape type by ecozone, 2001 and 2011
Table Summary
This table displays landscape type by ecozone for 2001 and 2011. The row headers provide information by total and the eight ecozones with agriculture. The column headers provide information on ecozone area in thousands of hectares and percent water; settled area, farm area, and natural and naturalizing area for 2001 and 2011 in thousands of hectares; change in settled area, farm area and natural and naturalizing area from 2001 to 2011 in thousands of hectares and percent; and percent of total area for settled area, farm area and natural and naturalizing area for 2011.
  Ecozone area Settled area 1 Farm area 2 Natural and naturalizing area 3 Settled area 1 Farm area 2 Natural and naturalizing area 3
2001 4 2011
  thousands of hectares percent water thousands of hectares
Total 485,146 11.4 2,710 67,502 414,934 3,060 64,813 417,274
Taiga Plains 65,778 13.4 5 5 65,767 5 8 65,764
Boreal Shield 191,822 14.4 485 1,295 190,043 501 1,362 189,959
Atlantic Maritime 20,131 4.5 355 1,929 17,847 383 2,073 17,675
Mixed Wood Plains 16,849 35.7 741 6,456 9,651 892 6,168 9,789
Boreal Plains 74,303 9.7 220 13,229 60,854 246 12,939 61,118
Prairies 46,659 5.0 582 40,340 5,737 671 40,067 5,921
Pacific Maritime 20,857 5.3 188 149 20,521 218 159 20,480
Montane Cordillera 48,748 3.0 134 1,294 47,320 144 1,705 46,898
Landscape type by ecozone, 2001 and 2011 (continued)
  Settled area 1 Farm area 2 Natural and naturalizing area 3 Settled area 1 Farm area 2 Natural and naturalizing area 3 Settled area 1 Farm area 2 Natural and naturalizing area 3
Change 2001 to 2011 4 2011
  thousands of hectares percent percent of total area
Total 350 -2,690 2,340 12.9 -4.0 0.6 0.6 13.4 86.0
Taiga Plains 0 3 -3 0.6 58.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 100.0
Boreal Shield 16 68 -84 3.4 5.2 0.0 0.3 0.7 99.0
Atlantic Maritime 28 145 -172 7.8 7.5 -1.0 1.9 10.3 87.8
Mixed Wood Plains 150 -289 138 20.3 -4.5 1.4 5.3 36.6 58.1
Boreal Plains 26 -290 264 11.7 -2.2 0.4 0.3 17.4 82.3
Prairies 88 -273 184 15.2 -0.7 3.2 1.4 85.9 12.7
Pacific Maritime 30 10 -40 16.2 6.7 -0.2 1.0 0.8 98.2
Montane Cordillera 11 411 -422 8.0 31.7 -0.9 0.3 3.5 96.2
Settled area is based on Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada's (AAFC) 30 m land cover code for developed areas. Some northern areas only partially covered by the AAFC land cover were supplemented with estimates derived from Statistics Canada’s population and settlements data and AAFC's 30 m land cover (see Map 1, Appendix C in Statistics Canada, 2013, "Measuring ecosystem goods and services in Canada," Human Activity and the Environment, Catalogue no. 16-201-X for geographic coverage).
The total for farm area is a national total and is represented by the variable 'total farm area' from the Census of Agriculture. Any differences between the results by ecozone and national totals are due to data suppression to protect confidentiality. See Statistics Canada, 2008, Census of Agriculture: Environmental Geography Aggregations of Census Farm Units (survey number 8012) for further details.
Natural and naturalizing land area is calculated as the residual landscape of the ecozone that is not settled or used for agriculture.
Data presented for Settled area are for 2000; Change for Settled area is from 2000 to 2011.
Source(s):
Statistics Canada, Environment, Energy and Transportation Statistics Division, 2014, special tabulation. Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, 2009, Land Cover for Agricultural Regions of Canada (circa 2000), version 12, http://data.gc.ca/data/en/dataset/16d2f828-96bb-468d-9b7d-1307c81e17b8 (accessed October 9, 2012). Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, 2012, 2011 AAFC Crop Type Map of Canada, ftp://ftp.agr.gc.ca/pub/outgoing/aesb-eos-gg/Crop_Inventory/2011/ (accessed October 9, 2012). Statistics Canada, CANSIM table 004-0001 (accessed May 8, 2014). Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada and Statistics Canada, special tabulation, Census of Agriculture, Census Geographic Component Base 2001 and 2011.
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