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Table 3.1
Water use in Canada, by sector, 2005

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Water use in Canada, by sector, 2005
  Public utility water system Self-supplied water system Total Share of total water use
  Mm 3 percent
Total, all sectors 5,706.2 36,352.1 42,058.3 100.0
Thermal-electric power generation X X 27,825.1 66.2
Manufacturing 618.5 5,101.0 5,719.5 13.6
Residential 1 3,195.5 575.6 3,771.1 9.0
Irrigation 2   1,631.7 1,631.7 3.9
Livestock 3   321.3 321.3 0.8
Commercial and institutional 4 1,127.8   1,127.8 2.7
Water treatment and distribution systems 5 X X 981.9 2.3
Mining (except oil and gas) 7.5 448.4 456.0 1.1
Oil and gas extraction   224.0 224.0 0.5
Includes an estimate for residential use of water produced by drinking water plants and for well water.
Data for all provinces except Alberta are from the 2007 Agricultural Water Use Survey. Alberta values are based on data reported by Alberta Agriculture and Rural Development and have been adjusted for uses other than irrigation, transportation losses and other sources of water for irrigation.
Sources for livestock data are documented in Table 3.5.
Estimated using the volume of water produced by drinking water plants in Canada and subtracting municipal water intake estimates for industrial use, the residential water intake estimate, and losses.
Includes an estimate for water use and leakages by water treatment and distribution systems.
Water use is defined as water intake. Figures may not add up to totals due to rounding.
Alberta Agriculture and Rural Development, Water Resources Branch, Irrigation and Farm Water Division, 2009, Alberta Irrigation Information Facts and Figures for the Year 2008. Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers, personal communication, 2009. Environment Canada, 2007, Municipal Water Use: 2004 Statistics, Ottawa. Statistics Canada, 2008, Industrial Water Survey, 2005, Catalogue no. 16-401-X . Statistics Canada, 2009, Survey of Drinking Water Plants, 2005 to 2007 , Catalogue no. 16-403-X. Statistics Canada, 2009, “Agricultural Water Use Survey 2007, Methodology Report,” Environment Accounts and Statistics Analytical and Technical Paper Series , Catalogue no. 16-001-M2009008.