Income and Expenditure Accounts Technical Series

Constructing Provincial Time Series: A Discussion of Data Sources and Methods

6. Population

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Population data are drawn directly from CANSIM tables 380-0043 and 051-0005. The historical data in table 380-0043 are based on an annual series, where population is measured on June 1. The modern data in table 051-0005 are based on quarterly observations. They are converted to an annual frequency by selecting the Q2 stocks from each year to approximate the mid-year sampling of the historical data.

Despite a minor level difference between the modern and historical series, the levels of the two series were linked “as is” to avoid creating a second set of population estimates for the historical period. When rounded to the nearest thousand, the difference between the two data sources is minor.

The historical file is used for data points between 1926 and 1951. The modern series is used from 1952 to the present. The aggregations for the provinces link well. For the territories, an aggregate of Yukon and the Northwest Territories including Nunavut is reported for the 1926-to-present period. Yukon and the Northwest Territories including Nunavut are also reported separately over this period. Beginning in 1999, the Northwest Territories and Nunavut are reported individually. Estimates for Newfoundland and Labrador begin in 1949.

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