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Australian Bureau of Statistics. 2013. The-Non-Observed Economy and Australia’s GDP, 2012. Australian Bureau of Statistics, Publication 5204.0.55.008. Canberra.

Baldwin, J.R., D. Leung, and L. Rispoli. 2013. Canadian Labour Productivity Differences Across Firm Size Classes, 2002 to 2008. The Canadian Productivity Review, no. 32. Statistics Canada, catalogue no. 15-206-X. Ottawa: Statistics Canada.
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Barber-Dueck, C., B. Terefe and M.J. Lamontagne. 2011. Estimating the Underground Economy in Canada, 1992-2008. Income and Expenditure Accounts Division. Ottawa: Statistics Canada.

Berger, S. 1986. The Unrecorded Economy: Concepts, Approach and Preliminary Estimates for Canada, 1981. Canadian Statistical Review,April 1986. Statistics Canada, catalogue no. 11-003E. Ottawa: Statistics Canada.

Blades, D.W. 1985. Crime: What Should Be Included in the National Accounts and What Difference Would It Make. The Economic of the Shadow Economy, proceedings of the International Conference on the Economics of Shadow Economy, held at the University of Bielefeld, Series in contemporary Economics, vol. 15.

Blades, D.W. and D. Roberts. 2002. Measuring the Non-Observed Economy. OECD Statistics Brief. no. 5. Paris.
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Atlantic Home Building & Renovationsector council. 2004. Current Impact of the Underground Economy – Residential Construction Sector in Nova Scotia. Nova Scotia, Canada. http://www.ahbrsc.com/downloads/ue%20final%20report.pdf (accessed 2013-09-01).

European Union. 2011. “Chapter 6: The Informal Sector.” Essential SNA: Building the Basics, 2010 Edition. EUROSTAT  methodologies & Working Papers. Luxembourg. p. 97-112.

Fortin, B., G. Lacroix and D. Pinard. 2010. “An Evaluation of the Underground Economy in Quebec: A Microeconometric Approach”. International Economic Journal 24 (4): 463-479.

Fortin, B., P. Fréchette and J. Noreau. 1992. “L’Économie Souterraine au Québec. Interface 13 (3): 16-18.

Gervais, G. 1994. The Size of the Underground Economy in Canada. Studies in National Accounting, no 2. Statistics Canada, catalogue no. 13-603-MPE1994002. Ottawa: Statistics Canada.

Gomis-Porqueras, P., A. Peralta-Alva and C. Waller. 2011. Quantifying the Shadow Economy: Measurement with Theory. Working Paper 2011-015A. Federal Reserve Bank of St-Louis. St-Louis.

Jackson, C. 1992. The Value of Household Work in Canada, 1986. Income and Expenditure Accounts technical series, no. 19. Statistics Canada, catalogue no. 13-604-MIE. Ottawa: Statistics Canada.

Kemp, K. 1992. Cross-Border Shopping - Trends and Measurement Issues. Income and Expenditure Accounts technical series, no. 21. Statistics Canada, catalogue no. 13-604-MIE. Ottawa: Statistics Canada.

Lachenmeier D.W. 2012. “Unrecorded and Illicit alcohol.” Alcohol in the European Union. Consumption, Harm and Policy Approaches. In: Anderson, P., L. Møller and G. Galea (ed.). WHO Regional Office for Europe, Copenhagen, Denmark. p. 29-34.

Lachenmeier, D.W., G. Gmel and J. Rehm. 2013. “Unrecorded Alcohol Consumption.” Alcohol Science, Policy and Public Health. Oxford University Press, United Kingdom. p. 132-142.

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Lemieux, P. 2007. “ The Underground Economy: Causes, Extent, Approaches. Cahiers de recherche de l’Institut économique de Montréal. November 2007. Montreal, Canada. p. 36.
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Macdonnal, S., S. Wells, and N. Giesbrecht. 1999. Unrecorded Alcohol Consumption in Ontario, Canada: Estimation Procedures and Research Implications. Drug and Alcohol Review 18: 21-29.

Ministère des finances du gouvernement du Québec. 2005. “L’Évasion Fiscale au Québec – Sources et Ampleur.” Études économiques, fiscales et budgétaires. Vol. 1, no. 1.  Québec, Canada.

Morissette, Charles. 2012. The underground economy in Canada, 1992 to 2009 . The Daily, Statistics Canada, September 21st, 2012. Ottawa: Statistics Canada.
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Ontario Construction Secretariat. 2010. “ Underground Economy in Construction – It Costs Us All.” Ontario, Canada.
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Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, International Monetary Fund, International Labour Organisation and CIS STAT. 2002. Measuring the Non-Observed Economy: A Handbook. OECD, Paris.
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Schneider, Friedrich. 2011. Size and Development of the Shadow Economy of 31 European and 5 Other OECD Countries from 2003 to 2012: Some New Facts. Johannes Kepler Universitat.
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Statistics Canada. 2009. Satellite Account of Non-profit Institutions and Volunteering. Statistics Canada, catalogue no. 13-015-XIE. Ottawa, Ontario.
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———. 2008, Guide to the Income and Expenditure Accounts. Statistics Canada, catalogue no.13-017-X, Ottawa, Ontario.
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———. 1990. Guide to the Income and Expenditure Accounts. Statistics Canada, catalogue no. 13-603E, no. 1. Ottawa, Ontario.

———. nd. Financial and Taxation Statistics for Enterprises. Statistics Canada, catalogue no. 61-219. Ottawa, Ontario.
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Terefe, Berouk. 2002. The Underground Economy in Canada. Income and Expenditure Accounts Division. Statistics Canada, unpublished working paper. Ottawa, Ontario.

United Nations Economic Commission for Europe. 2008. Non-Observed Economy in National Accounts – Survey of Country Practices. United Nations Publication. New York and Geneva.
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World Health Organization. 2011. Global Status Report on Alcohol and Health . Switzerland.
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