Scope of study

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The Human Resource Module (HRM) provides a snapshot of the tourism industries and occupations they comprise as well as insights into trends over time. Analyses can be made on the following key statistics: jobs, hours worked and employment earnings starting from 1997. Derived variables, such as number of full-time equivalents, average hourly earnings and average annual hours worked per job can also be examined.

These key statistics can be analyzed according to various characteristics of the jobs (employee or self- employed, full-time or part-time, occupation group) and the characteristics of the persons holding them (gender, age group, immigrant status). Information by occupation is also available. Comparisons can be made to the Canadian System of National Accounts (CSNA) employment estimates for the overall economy and for selected industries as well as Canadian Tourism Satellite Accounts (CTSA) and National Tourism Indicators (NTI) aggregates.

The scope of this study is similar to the previous national study1 with the addition of two years of data: 2008 and 2009. The information on the number of jobs, hours worked and employment earnings is presented for the same industry groups as before including for full-time and part-time jobs. The information is also available according to the same characteristics of employees (gender, age group and immigrant status) and similar occupations.

In particular, the HRM for Canada provides annual estimates for the years 1997 up to 2009. These estimates are based on national data from the Canadian Productivity Accounts (CPA),2 which is a key input to the HRM, as well as Labour Force Survey data (LFS). Census data for 2001 and 2006 are incorporated. The North American Industrial Classification System (NAICS) of 2002 and the National Occupational Classification for Statistics (NOC-S) of 2006 are used.


  1. See Bisaillon and Morissette 2009.
  2. See Statistics Canada 2009.
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