Appendix E: Tourism industries in the Human Resources Module (HRM)

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This study uses the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2002 to define the tourism-related industries. Briefly, NAICS is a comprehensive industry classification system encompassing all economic activities. It is designed for the compilation of production statistics and, therefore, for the classification of data relating to establishments (and locations). The criteria used to group establishments into industries in NAICS are similarity of input structures, labour skills or production processes used.

In order to maintain the reliability of the data, several tourism industries have been grouped together. Thus the tourism industry groups of the HRM include:

Transportation

  • Air transportation
    All other transportation (includes rail, water, bus, taxi and vehicle rental)

Accommodation
Food and beverage services
Recreation and entertainment
Travel services

Following is a detailed list of all tourism industries, including their NAICS codes.

Detailed list of tourism industries by North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2002

Transportation

  • Air transportation

  • 4811 Scheduled air transport
    4812 Non-scheduled air transport
  • All other transportation industries

  • 4821 Rail transportation
    • of which:
      Tourism sub-industries
      482114 Passenger rail transportation
      Non-tourism sub-industries
      482112 Short-haul freight rail transportation
      482113 Mainline freight rail transportation
  • 4831  Deep sea, coastal and great lakes water transportation
    4832  Inland water transportation
    4851  Urban transit systems
    4852  Interurban and rural bus transportation
    4853  Taxi and limousine service
    4854  School and employee bus transportation
    4855  Charter bus industry
    4859  Other transit and ground passenger transportation
    4871  Scenic and sightseeing transportation, land
    4872  Scenic and sightseeing transportation, water
    4879  Scenic and sightseeing transportation, other
    5A05101 Automotive equipment rental and leasing
    • of which:
      Tourism sub-industries
      532111  Passenger car rental
      532120  Truck, utility trailer and RV (recreational vehicle) rental and leasing
      Non-tourism sub-industries
      532112 Passenger car leasing

Accommodation

  • 7211 Traveller accommodation
    721A1RV (recreational vehicle) parks and recreational camps
    • of which:
      Tourism sub-industries
      721211  RV (recreational vehicle) parks and campgrounds
      721212  Hunting and fishing camps
      721213  Recreational (except hunting and fishing) and vacation camps
      Non-tourism sub-industries
      721310  Rooming and boarding houses

Food and beverage services

  • 7220  Food services and drinking places
    • of which:
      Tourism sub-industries
      72211  Full-service restaurants
      72221  Limited-service eating places
      72241  Drinking places (alcoholic beverages)
      Non-tourism sub-industries
      72231  Food service contractors
      72232  Caterers
      72233  Mobile food services

Recreation and entertainment

  • 51213 Motion picture and video exhibition
    7110  Performing arts, spectator sports and related industries
    • of which:
      Tourism sub-industries
      7111 Performing arts companies
      7112 Spectator sports
      7115 Independent artists, writers and performers
      Non-tourism sub-industries
      7113 Promoters (presenters) of performing arts, sports and similar events
      7114 Agents and managers for artists, athletes, entertainers and other public figures
  • 7121 Heritage institutions
    713A1 Amusement and recreation industries
  • 7131 Amusement parks and arcades
    7132 Gambling industries
    7139 Other amusement and recreation industries
    • of which:
      Tourism sub-industries
      71391  Golf courses and country clubs
      71392  Skiing facilities
      71393  Marinas
      71395  Bowling centres
      71399 All other amusement and recreation industries
      Non-tourism sub-industries
      71394  Fitness and recreational sports centres

Travel services

  • 5615 Travel arrangement and reservation services

Note:

  1. Special aggregation of NAICS industries in the Canadian System of National Accounts (CSNA).
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