Scope of study

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The scope of this study is unchanged from last year. The information on the number of jobs, hours worked and employment earnings is presented for the same industry groups for full- and part-time jobs. The information is also available according to the same characteristics of employees (gender, age group and immigrant status). Some occupations have been added, however, while others have been removed.

The Human Resources Module (HRM) annual estimates have been updated to 2007. In addition, previous estimates for 1997 to 2006 have been revised as a result of adjustments to the Canadian Productivity Accounts data, which is a key input to the HRM, as well as revisions to the labour force survey data. As well, new census data were incorporated along with the National Occupational Classification for statistics 2006 (NOC-S 2006) occupation classification. The change in classification will help to keep the HRM relevant and up to date.

Industry classifications

This study uses the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2002 to define the tourism-related industries. Briefly, NAICS is a comprehensive industry classification system encompassing all economic activities. It is designed for the compilation of production statistics and, therefore, for the classification of data relating to establishments (and locations). The criteria used to group establishments into industries in NAICS are similarity of input structures, labour skills or production processes used.

In order to maintain the reliability of the data, several tourism industries have been grouped together. Thus the tourism industry groups of the HRM include:

  1. Transportation
    • Air transportation
    • All other transportation (includes rail, water, bus, taxi and vehicle rental)
  2. Accommodation
  3. Food and beverage services
  4. Recreation and entertainment
  5. Travel services.

In this update a refinement was made to better match the tourism industries in the Canadian Tourism Satellite Account (CTSA). As a result, several non-tourism sub-industries are now excluded from the estimates. See Appendix C for a complete list, including NAICS codes.

Occupational classification

This study uses the National Occupational Classification for Statistics (NOC-S) definitions of occupations. The basic principle of classification of the NOC-S is that of kind of work performed. An occupation is thus defined as a collection of jobs, sufficiently similar in work performed to be grouped under a common title for classification purposes.

The selection of occupations for this study is based on an examination of the occupational data from the 2001 Census for persons in the experienced labour force whose main job was in one of the tourism industry groups of the HRM. Occupations with an estimated 5,000 employed persons (i.e., with underlying samples of roughly 1000 persons) or more were selected for this study.

Occupations were added if the 2006 Census obtained more than 1000 persons in the sample: casino occupations (G723), food counter attendants, kitchen helper and related occupations (G961) and technical occupations related to museum and arts galleries (F112) were added for recreation and entertainment industries. Program leaders and instructors in recreation and sport (F154) for accommodation industries were also added.

Conversely, occupations were removed if the 2006 Census obtained fewer than 500 persons in the sample. These occupations were too "small" to support time series based on much thinner samples from the Labour Force Survey (LFS). Between 500 and 1000 persons, some occupations were removed: facility operation and maintenance manager (A141) was removed for recreation and entertainment industries and railway track maintenance workers (H732) and railway carmen/women (H414) were removed for other transportation industries. A detailed listing of occupations along with their NOC-S codes is included in Appendix D.

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