Table 14
Research and development summary, 1997 to 2004

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  1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
Gross domestic product at market prices - additional research and development
Millions of dollars 12,690 13,578 14,651 16,099 17,784 18,630 19,118 20,391
Percentage change   7.0 7.9 9.9 10.5 4.8 2.6 6.7
Share of gross domestic product (percentage) 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Gross domestic product at market prices additional research and development
Millions of chained (2002) dollars 12,690 13,335 14,311 15,642 16,782 17,279 17,287 17,885
Percentage change   5.1 7.3 9.3 7.3 3.0 0.0 3.5
Share of gross domestic product (percentage) 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Real gross domestic product at market prices - total research and development
Millions of dollars 20,463 22,329 24,717 27,836 29,659 31,043 32,995 34,628
Percentage change   9.1 10.7 12.6 6.6 4.7 6.3 4.9
Share of gross domestic product (percentage) 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9
Research and development investment - additional research and development
Millions of dollars 13,419 14,480 16,328 18,148 20,458 21,854 22,594 24,224
Percentage change   7.9 12.8 11.1 12.7 6.8 3.4 7.2
Share of investment 7.1 7.4 7.7 8.1 8.6 8.8 8.7 8.5
Research and development investment - total research and development
Millions of dollars 14,821 15,878 18,070 20,245 22,511 23,902 24,844 26,549
Percentage change   7.1 13.8 12.0 11.2 6.2 3.9 6.9
Share of investment 7.9 8.1 8.6 9.0 9.5 9.7 9.5 9.3
Gross expenditure on research and development (GERD)
Millions of dollars 14,634 16,088 17,637 20,580 23,169 23,539 24,337 26,003
Percentage change   9.9 9.6 16.7 12.6 1.6 3.4 6.8