7.2 Presentation of estimates

7.21 Personal expenditure on consumer goods and services are estimated quarterly at the national level and annually at the provincial and territorial level. These estimates are available at both current and constant prices. 

7.22 National estimates of personal expenditure, which become available approximately 60 days after the reference period, are presented in tables 2, 3 and 4 of the National Income and Expenditure Accounts (NIEA) for the four classes: durable goods, semi-durable goods, non-durable goods and services. Seasonally adjusted estimates are presented at current prices in Table 2, at constant prices in Table 3, and the contributions to percent change in real gross domestic product in Table 4. Seasonally adjusted estimates for aggregates of personal expenditure at current and constant prices and their contribution to percent change in real personal expenditure on consumer goods and services are shown in tables 16, 17 and 18, respectively. These aggregates—9 major groups (PSG), 38 groups (PS) and the four classes—are calculated from the 130 series (J) of personal expenditure, which are also available to the public on demand. Table 7.6 describes these 130 series of goods and services and presents them according to the groupings published in tables 16 to 18. It should be noted that tables 17 and 18 have been based on the chain Fisher volume indexes since the release of the National Income and Expenditure Accounts for the first quarter of 2001. Prior to that release, the aggregates were derived by summing the individual personal expenditure series, reflecting a fixed-base Laspeyres measure. For more information, refer to the section on chain Fisher volume indexes presented in Chapter 2.

7.23 At the national level, the annual and quarterly series are available dating back to 1926 and 1947 respectively, but the statistics for the period prior to 1961 do not include the conceptual, methodological and statistical changes made at the time of the 1997 historical revision. Monthly national series have been available for personal expenditure on consumer goods since January 1986.

7.24 Provincial and territorial estimates of personal expenditure are based on the same classification of goods and services as at the national level. These expenditures, which are published in the Provincial Economic Accounts (PEA) approximately four months after the reference year, are grouped as consumer durables, semi-durables and non-durables goods and consumer services. In the Provincial Economic Accounts, the estimates at current prices are found in Table 2, at constant prices in Table 3, and their contribution to percent change in real gross domestic product, expenditure-based for the classes of personal expenditure in Table 4. It should be noted that tables 3 and 4 have been based on the chain Fisher volume indexes since the October 2002 release of the Provincial Economic Accounts covering the period up to 2001 (see Chapter 2 for more details). Although not published, most of the 130 series of goods and services and their groupings are available to the public.1

7.25 At the provincial and territorial level, series that incorporate the conceptual, methodological and statistical changes introduced in the 1997 historical revision are available back to 1981. However, unrevised data, covering the period 1961 to 1980, are accessible at current prices, as are statistics at constant prices for the period 1971 to 1980.

7.26 As noted in paragraph 7.8, the aggregate personal expenditure on consumer goods and services represents all expenditures of Canadians, both within and outside Canada, while they exclude expenditures of non-residents in Canada. However, while this definition holds for total spending, it is not the case for the individual personal expenditure series. Most survey data that are used to estimate expenditures by commodity include purchases made by non-residents in Canada and exclude Canadians' expenditures outside Canada, thus reflecting the domestic concept. To obtain estimates of personal expenditure on a residence basis, that is, according to the national concept, it is necessary to add an estimate of the total expenditure of Canadian households abroad and to deduct all purchases of non-residents in Canada. The series J215, J216 and J218, described in Table 7.6, are therefore neither goods nor services as such but rather counterparts that enable the sum of the 127 other series to be brought into line with the national concept of personal expenditure. The purchases of Canadian households abroad are also included in imports of services, while the expenditures of non-residents are considered exports of services. Personal expenditure in the National Income and Expenditure Accounts (NIEA) and in the provincial and territorial economic accounts (PTEA), according to the domestic and national concepts, are illustrated in Table 7.1. The calculation of personal expenditure for the Provincial and Territorial Economic Accounts is similar to the one for the National Income and Expenditure Accounts except for the fact that the notions of expenditures abroad and non-residents refer to the expenditures incurred by the residents of a province or territory outside their boundaries and to the non-residents of that province or territory.

Table 7.1 Domestic and national concepts. Opens in a new browser window.

Table 7.1
Domestic and national concepts

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Notes

1. For confidentiality reasons, some series are grouped at the provincial and territorial level