Table 6
Mechanisms through which the Canada–United States Free Trade Agreement increased Canadian manufacturing productivity

Table summary
This table displays the results of Mechanisms through which the Canada–United States Free Trade Agreement increased Canadian manufacturing productivity. The information is grouped by Growth impact and Relative contribution, calculated using percent units of measure (appearing as column headers).
  Growth impact Relative contribution
  percent
Between plants (selection and reallocation) 8.4 61
Growth of exporters (U.S. tariff cuts) 4.1 30
Contraction and exit of least-productive plants (Canadian tariff cuts) 4.3 31
Within plants 5.4 39
New exporters invest in raising productivity 3.5 25
Existing exporters invest in raising productivity 1.4 10
Improved access to U.S. intermediate inputs 0.5 4
Total 13.8 100
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