Table 2
Sample statistics, all plants

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Sample statistics, all plants
  1979 to 1984 1984 to 1990 1990 to 1996
Panel A, at the beginning of the period  
Number of all plants 34,000 38,000 42,000
Plants with below-average labour productivity 65.4 63.6 66.9
Plants with below-average employment 74.7 74.6 73.4
Plants with below-average age 35.6 47.0 52.7
Exporters 13.0 13.1 21.0
Foreign-controlled plants 16.2 13.8 12.3
Panel B, during the period  
Exiting plants 31.2 37.5 36.6
Output of exiting plants 8.7 10.0 15.5
Average productivity, average employment, and average age are averages for two-digit industries to which a plant belongs.
Authors' calculation from the Canadian Annual Survey of Manufacturers.