Table 11
Regression results on the effects of offshoring on multifactor productivity growth

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  (1) (2) (3) (4) (5)
Specifications without the export growth variable
Offshoring 0.404
(1.98) *
Material offshoring 0.418 0.427 0.016
(2.04) * (2.09) * (0.05)
Service offshoring -1.132 -1.334
(0.68) (0.80)
ICT1 intensity 0.04 0.038 0.037 0.040 0.043
(1.51) (1.45) (1.41) (1.50) (1.62)
ICTXmaterial offshoring 6.36
(2.09) *
Observations 671 671 671 671 671
R-squared 0.34 0.35 0.34 0.35 0.35
Specifications with the export growth variable
Offshoring 0.397
(2.13) *
Material offshoring 0.412 0.428 0.107
(2.30) * (2.30) * -0.37
Service offshoring -1.667 -1.908
(1.00) (1.15)
ICT intensity 0.039 0.036 0.035 0.039 0.041
(1.43) (1.35) (1.29) (1.42) (1.51)
Export growth 0.079 0.08 0.083 0.079 0.078
(4.85) ** (4.94) ** (5.06) ** (4.86) ** (4.76) **
ICTX material offshoring 4.979
(1.67)
Observations 657 657 657 657 657
R-squared 0.40 0.40 0.40 0.40 0.40

… not applicable

* significant at 5% level

** significant at 1% level

1. Information and communications technologies.

Notes: Authors' calculations from data. Robust t statistics in parentheses.

Sources: Statistics Canada, Input–Output Accounts and Productivity Accounts.