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Changes in counterfactual distribution of weekly hours from 2006 to 2011

Figure 2## Description for Figure 2

The title of the figure is “**Changes in the counterfactual distribution of weekly hours from 2006 to 2011**.”

This figure consists of three charts which are described below. The charts represent kernel density estimate plots of weekly work hours for the three following groups: new mothers who transitioned to self-employment, new mothers who remained wage workers and other women who transitioned to self-employment. Each chart shows two plots of the kernel density estimates: one for year 2006 and the other for year 2011.

**Chart title: (a) New mothers who transitioned to self-employment**

This is a kernel density estimate plot.

The horizontal axis (x-axis) is “hours,” beginning at 0 and ending at 80.

The vertical axis (y-axis) is “density,” beginning 0 and ending at 0.05.

This chart is the same as the chart titled “New mothers who transitioned to self-employment” in Figure 1. It is replicated here for comparison.

**Chart title: (b) New mothers who remained wage workers**

This is a kernel density estimate plot.

The horizontal axis (x-axis) is “hours,” beginning at 0 and ending at 80.

The vertical axis (y-axis) is “counterfactual density,” beginning 0 and ending at 0.15.

Overall, this chart is very similar to the chart titled “New mothers who remained wage workers” in Figure 1. The 2006 density function shows the counterfactual distribution of weekly work hours of new mothers who remained in wage employment. It corresponds to the time before they became new mothers. It has a sharp spike around the 40-hour mark. The peak value of the density function is about 0.15. There is also a hump around the 0-hour mark. A vertical line shows the median corresponding to this distribution. The median is about 40 hours. The 2011 density function is somewhat different from the 2006 density function. Instead of a spike at 40 hours, there is a smaller and wider hump, and the peak value of the 2011 density function is about 0.05. However, this hump and another one corresponding around 0 hours are clearly visible. The second vertical line shows that the median for the 2011 distribution is approximately 32 hours.

**Chart title: (c) Other women who transitioned to self-employment**

This is a kernel density estimate plot.

The horizontal axis (x-axis) is “hours,” beginning at 0 and ending at 80.

The vertical axis (y-axis) is “counterfactual density,” beginning 0 and ending at 0.05.

The 2006 density function shows the counterfactual distribution of weekly work hours of other women (women who are not new mothers) who transitioned from wage employment to self-employment. It corresponds to the time when they were in wage employment. It has two distinct humps corresponding to 0 and 40 hours. The peak value of the density function is about 0.05. A vertical line shows the median corresponding to this distribution, which is about 40 hours. The 2011 density function is similar to the 2006 density function although the 40-hour hump is smaller, reaching just above 0.03 on the density scale. The values of the 2011 density function corresponding to the interval between 45 and 70 hours are noticeably higher that the corresponding values of the 2006 density function. The second vertical line, which overlaps the first line, shows that the median for the 2011 distribution is the same as the median for the 2006 distribution, about 40 hours.

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