Table 10
Trends in self-employment rates (based on net self-employment earnings share) and characteristics of self-employed and paid workers aged 20 to 64 by immigration status, 1981 to 2006

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Trends in self-employment rates (based on net self-employment earnings share) and characteristics of self-employed and paid workers aged 20 to 64 by immigration status, 1981 to 2006


Table summary
This table displays the results of trends in self-employment rates (based on net self-employment earnings share) and characteristics of self-employed and paid workers aged 20 to 64 by immigration status canadian-born and adult immigrants, calculated using 1981, 1991, 2001 and 2006 units of measure (appearing as column headers).

  Canadian-born Adult immigrants
1981 1991 2001 2006 1981 1991 2001 2006
Men  
Self-employment rate, as a percent 5.9 6.0 7.3 8.3 7.5 7.9 10.3 13.8
Among self-employed  
Percent with university degree 19.3 24.2 23.2 24.6 21.6 29.7 33.4 35.0
Average years of Canadian experience 23.0 21.8 23.9 25.5 16.6 18.1 16.7 16.1
Average years of foreign experience Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 9.7 9.1 10.2 10.3
Average annual earnings, in 2005 dollars 54,511 55,089 48,916 47,181 56,733 57,117 43,420 32,019
Among paid workers  
Percent with university degree 11.7 14.5 17.2 18.2 16.3 20.9 30.0 36.8
Average years of Canadian experience 18.5 18.3 19.3 20.2 15.1 16.3 14.8 14.7
Average years of foreign experience Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 10.2 9.6 9.9 10.1
Average annual earnings, in 2005 dollars 44,463 43,705 47,269 50,035 49,975 48,081 47,320 48,695
Women  
Self-employment rate, as a percent 2.4 3.6 5.5 6.3 3.5 4.8 7.1 8.5
Among self-employed  
Percent with university degree 11.9 19.5 23.7 25.7 18.1 24.0 31.4 36.2
Average years of Canadian experience 21.4 20.0 21.9 23.7 15.7 16.6 16.0 16.1
Average years of foreign experience Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 9.6 8.9 9.8 9.9
Average annual earnings, in 2005 dollars 22,898 26,844 26,250 27,089 28,892 30,600 26,289 23,641
Among paid workers  
Percent with university degree 10.0 14.3 20.2 22.9 11.4 16.8 25.8 32.5
Average years of Canadian experience 16.5 17.2 18.7 19.7 14.1 15.3 14.6 14.7
Average years of foreign experience Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 10.0 9.4 9.4 9.3
Average annual earnings, in 2005 dollars 23,418 26,329 30,190 32,127 24,508 27,872 29,957 30,624
Note(s): The Canadian-born in this table include both the second generation (those born in Canada to immigrant parents) and the third-and-higher generations (those born to Canadian-born parents). Self-employed workers are defined as workers whose net self-employment earnings account for more than half of their total employment earnings in the year prior to the census.                
                 
Note(s):
The Canadian-born in this table include both the second generation (those born in Canada to immigrant parents) and the third-and-higher generations (those born to Canadian-born parents). Self-employed workers are defined as workers whose net self-employment earnings account for more than half of their total employment earnings in the year prior to the census.
Source(s):
Statistics Canada, 1981 Census of Population, 1991 Census of Population, 2001 Census of Population, and 2006 Census of Population.
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