Table 6
Changes in the characteristics of self-employed and paid workers aged 20 to 64 by immigration status, 1981 to 2006

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Changes in the characteristics of self-employed and paid workers aged 20 to 64 by immigration status, 1981 to 2006


Table summary
This table displays the results of changes in the characteristics of self-employed and paid workers aged 20 to 64 by immigration status canadian-born and adult immigrants, calculated using 1981, 1991, 2001 and 2006 units of measure (appearing as column headers).

  Canadian-born Adult immigrants
1981 1991 2001 2006 1981 1991 2001 2006
Men  
Among self-employed  
Percent with university degree 16.2 20.6 22.6 23.8 17.8 25.6 32.3 36.4
Average years of Canadian experience 23.0 22.3 24.1 25.5 16.9 18.4 17.2 17.0
Average years of foreign experience Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 9.4 9.0 9.9 10.0
Average annual earnings, in 2005 dollars 54,961 54,496 53,309 55,017 55,785 54,861 46,499 40,667
Among paid workers  
Percent with university degree 11.8 14.4 17.0 18.1 16.6 20.9 29.9 36.6
Average years of Canadian experience 18.3 18.1 19.0 20.0 15.0 16.1 14.6 14.4
Average years of foreign experience Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 10.3 9.6 9.9 10.1
Average annual earnings, in 2005 dollars 44,028 43,246 46,583 49,123 49,687 47,721 47,005 47,548
Women  
Among self employed  
Percent with university degree 10.6 17.9 22.8 25.7 15.4 22.8 30.5 36.0
Average years of Canadian experience 21.4 20.5 22.3 23.8 15.4 16.9 16.3 16.5
Average years of foreign experience Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 9.4 8.8 9.8 9.9
Average annual earnings, in 2005 dollars 23,966 28,041 29,223 31,077 28,505 31,501 29,034 26,783
Among paid workers  
Percent with university degree 10.0 14.3 20.2 22.9 11.4 16.7 25.7 32.5
Average years of Canadian experience 16.5 17.2 18.5 19.7 14.0 15.2 14.6 14.6
Average years of foreign experience Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 10.0 9.4 9.4 9.3
Average annual earnings, in 2005 dollars 23,386 26,257 30,033 31,862 24,441 27,716 29,770 30,364
Note(s): The Canadian-born in this table include both the second generation (those born in Canada to immigrant parents) and the third-and-higher generations (those born to Canadian-born parents).                
                 
Note(s):
The Canadian-born in this table include both the second generation (those born in Canada to immigrant parents) and the third-and-higher generations (those born to Canadian-born parents).
Source(s):
Statistics Canada, 1981 Census of Population, 1991 Census of Population, 2001 Census of Population, and 2006 Census of Population.
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