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Abada, T., F. Hou, and B. Ram. 2009. "Ethnic differences in educational attainment among the second generation of immigrants."Canadian Journal of Sociology. Vol. 34. No. 1. p. 1–28.

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Bloemraad, I. 2006. "Becoming a citizen in the United States and Canada: Structured mobilization and immigrant political incorporation."Social Forces. Vol. 85. No. 2. p. 667–695.

Bloemraad, I. 2008. "Introduction."The Economics of Citizenship. P. Bevelander and D.J. DeVoretz (eds.). Malmo, Sweden. Malmo University. p.13–20.

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Bratsberg, B., J. Ragan, and Z. Nasir. 2002. "The effect of naturalization on wage growth: A panel study of young male immigrants."Journal of Labor Economics. Vol. 20. No. 3. p. 568–597.

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Chiswick, B., and P. Miller. 2009. "Citizenship in the United States: The roles of immigrant characteristics and country of origin."Ethnicity and Labor Market Outcomes. A. Constant, K. Tatsiramos, and K. Zimmermann (eds). Bingley, U.K. Emerald Group Publishing Limited. p. 91–130.

DeVoretz, D.J., and S. Pivnenko. 2005. "The economic causes and consequences of Canadian citizenship."Journal of International Migration and Integration. Vol. 6. No. 3-4. p. 435–468.

DeVoretz, D.J., and S. Pivnenko. 2008. "The economic determinants and consequences of Canadian citizenship ascension."The Economics of Citizenship. P. Bevelander and D.J. DeVoretz (eds.). Malmo, Sweden. Malmo University. p. 23–61.

Evans, M.D.R. 1988. "Choosing to be a citizen: The time-path of citizenship in Australia."International Migration Review. Vol. 22. No. 2. p. 243–264.

Fix, M., J.S. Passel, and K. Sucher. 2003. "Trends in Naturalization."Immigrant Families and Workers: Facts and Perspectives. Washington, D.C. Immigration Studies Program, Urban Institute. Brief. No. 3.

Hayfron, J. 2008. "The economics of Norwegian citizenship."The Economics of Citizenship. P. Bevelander and D.J. DeVoretz (eds.). Malmo, Sweden. Malmo University. p. 89–104.

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Jacobson, D. 1997. Rights Across Borders: Immigration and the Decline of Citizenship. Baltimore, Maryland. The Johns Hopkins University Press.

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Jones-Correa, M. 2001. "Under two flags: Dual nationality in Latin America and its consequences for naturalization in the United States."International Migration Review. Vol. 35. No. 4. p. 997–1029.

Mazzolari, F. 2009. "Dual citizenship rights: Do they make more or better citizens?"Demography. Vol. 46. No. 1. p. 169–191.

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Steinhardt, M.F. 2008. Does Citizenship matter? The economic impact of naturalisation in Germany. Turin, Italy. Centro Studi Luca d'Agliano Development Working Paper. No. 266.

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Van Hook, J., S. Brown, and F. Bean. 2006. "For love or money? Welfare reform and immigrant naturalization."Social Forces. Vol. 85. No. 2. p. 643–666.

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