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Ansalone, George. 2001. "Schooling tracking, and inequality." Journal of Children & Poverty. 7, 1: 33–47.

Aydemir, Abdurrahman, and Mikal Skuterud. 2004. Explaining the Deteriorating Entry Earnings of Canada's Immigrant Cohorts: 1966–2000. Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series. Catalogue no. 11F0019MIE2004225. Ottawa: Statistics Canada.

Baker, Michael, and Dwayne Benjamin. 1994. "The performance of immigrants in the Canadian labor market." Journal of Labor Economics. 12, 3: 369–405.

Bollman, Ray D. 1999. Human Capital and Rural Development: What Are the Linkages? Agriculture and Rural Working Paper Series. Catalogue no. 21-601-MIE1999039. Ottawa: Statistics Canada.

Borjas, George J. 1995. "Ethnicity, neighborhoods, and human-capital externalities." American Economic Review. 85, 3: 365–390.

Borjas, George J. 1994. "Long-run convergence of ethnic skill differentials: the children and grandchildren of the great migration." Industrial and Labor Relations Review. 47, 4: 553– 573.

Borjas, George J. 1992. "Ethnic capital and intergenerational mobility." Quarterly Journal of Economics. 107, 1: 123–150.

Boyd, Monica. 2002. " Educational attainments of immigrant offspring: Success or segmented assimilation?" International Migration Review. 36, 4: 1037–1060.

Boyd, Monica, and Elizabeth M. Grieco. 1998. "Triumphant transitions: Socioeconomic achievements of the second generation in Canada." International Migration Review. 32, 4: 853–876.

Caplan, Nathan, Marcella H. Choy and John K. Whitmore. 1991. Children of the Boat People: A Study of Educational Success. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Coleman, James S. 1990. Foundations of Social Theory. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.

Corak, Miles. 2001. Are the Kids All Right? Intergenerational Mobility and Child Well-being in Canada. Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series. Catalogue no. 11F0019MIE2001171. Ottawa: Statistics Canada.

Corak, Miles, Garth Lipps and John Zhao. 2003. Family Income and Participation in Post- Secondary Education. Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series. Catalogue no. 11F0019MIE2003210. Ottawa: Statistics Canada.

Davies, Scott, and Neil Guppy. 2006. The Schooled Society: An Introduction to the Sociology of Education. Don Mills, Ont.: Oxford University Press.

Davies, Scott, and Neil Guppy. 1998. "Race and Canadian education." In Racism and Social Inequality in Canada: Concepts, Controversies and Strategies of Resistance. 131–156. Vic Satzewich (ed.). Toronto: Thompson Educational Publishing.

Duncan, Greg J. 1994. "Families and neighbors as sources of disadvantage in the schooling decisions of white and black adolescents." American Journal of Education. 103, 1: 20– 53.

Frenette, Marc. 2005. Is Post-secondary Access More Equitable in Canada or the United States? Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series. Catalogue no. 11F0019MIE2005244. Ottawa: Statistics Canada.

Frenette, Marc. 2004. "Access to college and university: Does distance to school matter?" Canadian Public Policy. 30, 4: 427–443.

Fuligni, Andrew J., Vivian Tseng and May Lam. 1999. "Attitudes toward family obligations among American adolescents with Asian, Latin American, and European backgrounds." Child Development. 70, 4: 1030–1044.

Glick, Jennifer E., and Michael J. White. 2003. "The academic trajectories of immigrant youths: Analysis within and across cohorts." Demography. 40, 4: 759–783.

Guppy, Neil, and Scott Davies. 1998. Education in Canada: Recent Trends and Future Challenges. 1991 Census Monograph Series. Catalogue no. 96-321-MPE1998003. Ottawa: Statistics Canada; Minister of Industry.

Heckman, James J. 2000. "Policies to foster human capital." Research in Economics. 54, 1: 3– 56.

Hirschman, Charles. 2001. "The educational enrollment of immigrant youth: a test of the segmented-assimilation hypothesis." Demography. 38, 3: 317–336.

Hou, Feng, and T.R. Balakrishnan. 1996. "The integration of visible minorities in contemporary Canadian society." Canadian Journal of Sociology. 21, 3: 307–326.

Hum, Derek, and Wayne Simpson. 2000. "Not all visible minorities face labour market discrimination." Policy Options. 21, 10: 45–48.

Joseph, Alfred. 1998. "The impact of tracking: an examination of outcomes." Journal of Poverty. 2, 1: 1–22.

Kao, Grace, and Jennifer S. Thompson. 2003. "Racial and ethnic stratification in educational achievement and attainment." Annual Review of Sociology. 29, 1: 417–442.

Kelly, Philip F. 2006. Filipinos in Canada: Economic Dimensions of Immigration and Settlement. CERIS Working Paper no. 48. Toronto: Joint Centre of Excellence for Research on Immigration and Settlement.

Li, Peter S. 2003. Destination Canada: Immigration debates and issues. Don Mills, Ont.: Oxford University Press.

McLanahan, Sara, and Gary D. Sandefur. 1994. Growing Up with a Single Parent: What Hurts, What Helps. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Milan, Anne, and Kelly Tran. 2004. "Blacks in Canada: A long history." Canadian Social Trends. 72: 2–7. Catalogue no. 0040311-008-XIE. Ottawa: Statistics Canada.

Miller, L. Scott. 1995. An American Imperative: Accelerating Minority Educational Advancement. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Oakes, Jeannie. 1990. Multiplying Inequalities: The effects of Race, Social Class, and Tracking on Opportunities to Learn Mathematics and Science. Santa Monica, Cal.: Rand.

Oaxaca, Ronald L., and Michael R. Ransom. 1994. "On discrimination and the decomposition of wage differentials." Journal of Econometrics. 61, 1: 5–21.

Ogbu, John U. 1991. "Immigrant and involuntary minorities in comparative perspective." In Minority Status and Schooling: A Comparative Study of Immigrant and Involuntary Minorities. 3–33. Margaret A. Gibson and John U. Ogbu (eds.). New York; London, U.K.: Garland.

Perlmann, Joel, and Roger Waldinger. 1997. "Second generation decline? Children of immigrants, past and present—a reconsideration." International Migration Review. 31, 4: 893–922.

Portes, Alejandro, Patricia Fernández-Kelly and William Haller. 2005. "Segmented assimilation on the ground: The new second generation in early adulthood." Ethnic and Racial Studies. 28, 6: 1000–1040.

Portes, Alejandro, and Dag MacLeod. 1999. "Educating the second generation: Determinants of academic achievement among children of immigrants in the United States." Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies. 25, 3: 373–396.

Portes, Alejandro, and Dag MacLeod. 1996. "Educational progress of children of immigrants: The roles of class, ethnicity, and school context." Sociology of Education. 69, 4: 255– 275.

Portes, Alejandro, and Rubén G. Rumbaut. 2001. Legacies: The Story of the Immigrant Second Generation. Berkeley, Cal.: University of California Press; New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Portes, Alejandro, and Rubén G. Rumbaut. 1996. Immigrant America: A Portrait. 2nd Edition. Berkeley, Cal.: University of California Press.

Portes, Alejandro, and Min Zhou. 1993. "The new second generation: Segmented assimilation and its variants." Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Sciences. 530, Interminority Affairs in the U.S.: Pluralism at the Crossroads. 74–96.

Reitz, Jeffrey G., and Sherrilyn M. Sklar. 1997. "Culture, race, and the economic assimilation of immigrants." Sociological Forum. 12, 2: 233–277.

Renaud, V., and R. Costa. 1999. 1996 Census of Population: Certification Report, Population Group. Housing, Family and Social Statistics Division. Ottawa: Statistics Canada.

Richmond, Anthony H. 1990. "The income of Caribbean immigrants." In Ethnic Demography: Canadian Immigrant, Racial and Cultural Variations. 363–380. Shiva S. Halli, Frank Trovato and Leo Driedger (eds.). Ottawa: Carleton University Press.

Rumbaut, Rubén G. 2005. "Turning points in the transition to adulthood: Determinants of educational attainment, incarceration, and early childbearing among children of immigrants." Ethnic and Racial Studies. 28, 6: 1041–1086.

Rumbaut, Rubén G. 2004. "Ages, life stages, and generational cohorts: Decomposing the immigrant first and second generations in the United States." International Migration Review. 38, 3: 1160–1205.

Rumberger, Russell W., and Katherine A. Larson. 1998. "Toward explaining differences in educational achievement among Mexican American language-minority students." Sociology of Education. 71, 1: 68–92.

Silberman, Roxane, Richard Alba and Irène Fournier. 2007. "Segmented assimilation in France? Discrimination in the labour market against the second generation." Ethnic and Racial Studies. 30, 1: 1–27.

Simmons, Alan. 1998. "Racism and immigration policy." In Racism and Social Inequality in Canada: Concepts, Controversies and Strategies of Resistance. 87–114. Vic Satzewich (ed.). Toronto: Thompson Educational Publishing.

Simmons, Alan B., and Dwaine E. Plaza. 1998. "Breaking through the glass ceiling: the pursuit of university training among African-Caribbean migrants and their children in Toronto." Canadian Ethnic Studies. 30, 3: 99–120.

Statistics Canada. 2005. Population Projections of Visible Minority Groups, Canada, Provinces and Regions, 2001 to 2017. Catalogue no. 91-541-XIE2005001. Ottawa: Statistics Canada.

Statistics Canada. 2003. Ethnic Diversity Survey: Portrait of a Multicultural Society. Catalogue no. 89-593-XIE2003001. Ottawa: Statistics Canada.

Stelcner, Morton. 2000. "Earnings differentials among ethnic groups in Canada: A review of the research." Review of Social Economy. 58, 3: 295–317.

Sue, Stanley, and Sumie Okazaki. 1990. "Asian-American educational achievements: A phenomenon in search of an explanation." American Psychologist. 45, 8: 913–920.

Sweetman, Arthur, and Gordon Dicks. 1999. "Education and ethnicity in Canada: An intergenerational perspective." The Journal of Human Resources. 34, 4: 668–696.

Valenzuela, Angela, and Sanford M. Dornbusch. 1994. "Familism and social capital in the academic achievement of Mexican origin and Anglo adolescents." Social Science Quarterly. 75, 1: 18–36.

Warren, John Robert. 1996. "Educational inequality among white and Mexican-origin adolescents in the American Southwest: 1990." Sociology of Education. 69, 2: 142–158.

White, Michael J., and Jennifer E. Glick. 2000. "Generation status, social capital, and the routes out of high school." Sociological Forum. 15, 4: 671–691.

Xie, Yu, and Kimberly Goyette. 2003. "Social mobility and the educational choices of Asian Americans." Social Science Research. 32, 3: 467–498.

Zhou, Min. 1997. "Segmented assimilation: issues, controversies, and recent research on the new second generation." International Migration Review. 31, 4: 975–1008.

Zhou, Min, and Carl L. Bankston. 1998. Growing Up American: How Vietnamese Children Adapt to Life in the United States. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Zhou, Min, and Susan S. Kim. 2006. "Community forces, social capital, and educational achievement: The case of supplementary education in the Chinese and Korean immigrant communities." Harvard Educational Review. 76, 1: 1–29.

Zhou, Min, and Yang Sao Xiong. 2005. "The multifaceted American experiences of the children of Asian immigrants: Lessons for segmented assimilation." Ethnic and Racial Studies. 28, 6: 1119–1152.