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Baker, Michael, Jonathan Gruber and Kevin Milligan. 2005. Universal Childcare, Maternal Labor Supply and Family Well-being. NBER Working Paper no. 11832. Cambridge, Mass.: National Bureau of Economic Research.

Blank, Rebecca M. 2002. "Evaluating welfare reform in the United States." Journal of Economic Literature. 40, 4: 1105–1166.

Blank, Rebecca M., and Maria J. Hanratty. 1993. "Responding to Need: A Comparison of Social Safety Nets in the United States and Canada." In Small Differences that Matter: Labor Markets and Income Maintenance in Canada and the United States. 191–231. David Card and Richard B. Freeman (eds.). Chicago: University ofChicago Press.

Blau, Francine D., and John W. Graham. 1990. "Black-white differences in wealth and asset composition." The Quarterly Journal of Economics. 105, 2: 321–339.

Blinder, Alan S. 1973. "Wage discrimination: reduced form and structural estimates." The Journal of Human Resources. 8, 4: 436–455.

Boudarbat, Brahim, Thomas Lemieux and W. Craig Riddell. 2006. "Recent Trends in Wage Inequality and the Wage Structure in Canada." In Dimensions of Inequality in Canada. 273– 306. David A. Green and Jonathan R. Kesselman (eds.). Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press.

Card, David, and John E. DiNardo. 2002. "Skill-biased technological change and rising wage inequality: Some problems and puzzles." Journal of Labor Economics. 20, 4: 733-783.

Dooley, Martin D. 1999. "The evolution of welfare participation among Canadian lone mothers, 1973-1991." Canadian Journal of Economics. 32, 3: 589–612.

Dooley, Martin D. 1994. "The converging market work patterns of married mothers and lone mothers in Canada." The Journal of Human Resources. 29, 2: 600–620.

Dooley, Martin, and Ross Finnie. 2001. Differences in labour force participation, earnings and welfare participation among Canadian lone mothers. Applied Research Branch Strategic Policy. Working Paper no. SP-479-01-02E. Ottawa: Human Resources and Social Development Canada.

Eissa, Nada, and Jeffrey B. Liebman. 1996. "Labor supply response to the earned income tax credit." The Quarterly Journal of Economics. 111, 2: 605–637.

Ellwood, David T., and Christopher Jencks. 2004. "The uneven spread of single-parent families: What do we know? Where do we look for answers?" In Social Inequality. 3–78. Kathryn M. Neckerman (ed.). New York: The Russell Sage Foundation.

Even, William E., and David A. Macpherson. 1994. "Employer size and compensation: The role of worker characteristics." Applied Economics. 26, 9: 897–907.

Fang, Hanming, and Michael P. Keane. 2004. Assessing the Impact of Welfare Reform on Single Mothers. New Haven: Department of Economics, Yale University.

Frenette, Marc. 2005. Is Post-secondary Access More Equitable in Canada or the United States? Analytical Studies Research Paper Series. Catalogue no. 11F0019MIE2005244. Ottawa: Statistics Canada.

Grogger, Jeffrey. 2003. "The effects of time limits, the EITC, and other policy changes on welfare use, work, and income among female-headed families." The Review of Economics and Statistics. 85, 2: 394–408.

Green Book. 2004: "Background material and data on the programs within the jurisdiction of the Committee on Ways and Means." Washington, D.C.: Committee on Ways and Means, U.S. House of Representatives.

Hanratty, Maria J., and Rebecca M. Blank. 1992. "Down and out in North America: Recent trends in poverty rates in the United States and Canada. The Quarterly Journal of Economics. 107, 1: 233–254.

Juby, Heather, Céline Le Bourdais and Nicole Marcil-Gratton. 2003. Linking family change, parents' employment and income and children's economic well-being: A longitudinal perspective. An analysis of the National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth. Ottawa: Department of Justice Canada.

Lefebvre, Pierre, and Philip Merrigan. 2005. Low-fee ( $5/day/child) regulated childcare policy and the labor supply of mothers with young children: a natural experiment from Canada. Montreal: Department of Economics, Université du Québec à Montréal.

McMullin, Julie Ann, Lorraine Davies and Gale Cassidy. 2002. "Welfare reform in Ontario: Tough times in mothers' lives." Canadian Public Policy. 28, 2: 297–314.

Mendelson, Michael. 2003. "Child benefits levels in 2003 and beyond: Australia, Canada, the U.K. and the U.S." Ottawa: Caledon Institute of Social Policy.

Meyer, Bruce D., and Dan T. Rosenbaum. 2001. "Welfare, the earned income tax credit, and the labor supply of single mothers." The Quarterly Journal of Economics. 116, 3: 1063–1114.

Moffit, Robert A. 1999. "New developments in econometric methods for labor market analysis." 3, 24: 1367–1397. In Handbook of Labor Economics. O. Ashenfelter and D. Card (eds.). New York: Elsevier.

Myles, John, Feng Hou, Garnett Picot and Karen Myers. 2007. "Why did employment and earnings rise among lone mothers in Canada during the 1980s and 1990s?" Canadian Public Policy. 33, 2: 147–172.

Myles, John, Feng Hou, Garnett Picot and Karen Myers. 2006. Why did employment and earnings rise among lone mothers in Canada during the 1980s and 1990s? Analytical Studies Research Paper Series. Catalogue no. 11F0019MIE2006282. Ottawa: Statistics Canada.

Myles, John, and Paul Pierson. 1997. "Friedman's revenge: the reform of "liberal" welfare states in Canada and the United States." Politics and Society. 25, 4: 443–472.

Oaxaca, Ronald L. 1973. "Male-female wage differentials in urban labor markets." International Economic Review. 14, 3: 693–709.

Rainwater, Lee, and Timothy M. Smeeding. 2003. Poor Kids in a Rich Country. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.