Sustainable Development Goals
Goal 14, Life Below Water

Release date: January 25, 2024
Sustainable Development Goals: Goal 14, Life Below Water
Description: Sustainable Development Goals: Goal 14, Life Below Water

Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development

Conserved Ocean and Coastal Ecosystems

In 2022, 14.7% of Canada’s ocean and coastal ecosystems were conserved.Note 1 An area almost 16 times larger than in 2015. More than 60% of this area was located in the Arctic Ocean.

Canada’s Oceans in 2021Note 2

In shallow waters, 29% of cold-water coral and sponge ecosystems; 34% of seagrass meadows; and 35% of kelp forests were conserved. Approximately 3% of the deepest waters were conserved.

Harvest Levels of Fish Stocks

More than 95% of fish stocks were sustainably harvestedNote 3 at or below their removal reference or other approved level in 2021, down from 98% in 2020.

Community Spotlight: Clean Foundation

Clean Foundation helps communities make real progress toward a cleaner future by taking on climate change challenges. They work with communities to help foster coastal resiliency in Atlantic Canada by researching and restoring ecosystems.

Since 2013, Clean Foundation has deployed more than 600 reefballs in the Halifax Harbour. Reefballs are artificial reefs designed to: Provide shelter for fish and shellfish; serve as habitat for reproduction and spawning; and support the growth of marine plants.

Sources: Environment and Climate Change Canada, Canadian Environmental Sustainability Indicators, Canada's Conserved Areas. Statistics Canada, Canadian System of Environmental-Economic Accounting - Ecosystem Accounts, 2022. Environment and Climate Change Canada, Canadian Environmental Sustainability Indicators, Harvest Levels of Key Fish Stocks. Clean Foundation, 2023.


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