The Business & Community Newsletter – February 2015
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- Spotlight: Immigration
- Also Worth a Read
- Stay Connected
- Got a Question or Comment?
- About the Newsletter
- Newsletter copyright
Introducing the Business and Community Newsletter
Starting from this month, the Business and Community Newsletter will be replacing the Newsletter for Small and Medium-sized Businesses and the Newsletter for Communities.
The integrated newsletters will offer more articles, more news and more features. In this edition, we are putting immigration in the spotlight by featuring the latest Statistics Canada publications related to immigration.
Net international migration main contributor to population increase
Canada's population was estimated at 35,675,800 on October 1, 2014, up 135,400 from July 1, 2014. Net international migration accounted for more than two-thirds (69.1%) of this growth.
Net international migration was 93,500 during the third quarter of 2014, a level slightly higher than that for the same period in 2013 (+92,500). Canada welcomed 65,500 immigrants while the number of non-permanent residents increased by 40,800. On the other hand, net emigration, which refers to the net number of people that left the country to live abroad, was estimated at 12,900.
Net international migration was the main contributor to the population increase in many provinces and territories during this period. For more details, please read the latest "Quarterly Demographic Estimates".
Life satisfaction among recent immigrants in Canada
Are recent immigrants satisfied with life in Canada? Specifically, on a scale of 0 or 1 to 10 where '10' means 'very satisfied', just how satisfied are recent immigrants with life in Canada compared to their peers still living in their country of origin, and compared to the Canadian-born population?
According to a study titled "Life satisfaction among recent immigrants in Canada: Comparisons with source-country populations and the Canadian-born" , most immigrant groups in Canada have higher life satisfaction than their source-country counterparts. The majority of immigrant groups examined also have life satisfaction scores similar to those of the native-born population, a finding that indicates that national-level conditions matter for immigrants' life satisfaction.
Immigration, low income and income inequality in Canada
During the 1980s and 1990s, immigration was associated with the rise in low-income rates and family-income inequality in Canada. Over the 2000s, there were significant changes in the labour market and in immigrant selection. This paper focuses on the direct effect of immigration on the change in low income and family-income inequality over the 1995-to-2010 period. The paper outlines recent trends in low-income rates and income inequality for both the Canadian-born and immigrants. There are four major findings.
First, in contrast to the 1980s and 1990s, immigrant low-income rates declined in the 2000s. The decline was particularly evident in the western regions, but was not observed in Toronto. However, because low-income rates also declined among the Canadian-born through the 2000s, immigrants' low-income rates relative to the Canadian-born remained high in most regions. Manitoba and Saskatchewan were exceptions in this regard.
Second, changes in immigrant characteristics and selection programs accounted for about one-third of the decline in low-income rates among recent immigrants. Again, this varied by region.
Third, while rising immigrant low-income rates accounted for virtually all of the increase in the national low-income rate over the 1980s and 1990s, immigrants accounted for little of the decline in the national low-income rate during the 2000s. Immigrants also accounted for little of the rise in the high-income rate observed between 1995 and 2010.
Fourth, immigration contributed very little to national trends in either family-income inequality or family-earnings inequality since the mid-1990s.
For more analysis, read the paper titled: "Immigration, Low Income and Income Inequality in Canada: What's New in the 2000s?".
Also Worth a Read
Canadians' connections with family and friends
A new survey, conducted in 2013, indicates that more than half (55%) of Canadians aged 15 years and older felt close to at least five family members, and 51% reported having five or more close friends.
Besides close family and friends, Canadians reported a large network of 'other' friends, neighbours and acquaintances. In 2013, 47% of Canadians reported having at least 20 'other' friends.
For the first time, Canadians were asked about their use of social networking sites. When asked how many Facebook friends they have, about half (47%) of users said they had less than 150, while the other half (48%) had 150 or more connections. On average, users reported 228 Facebook friends, ranging from 393 Facebook friends among 15- to 24-year-olds to 54 among seniors.
The article "General Social Survey: Social identity, 2013" has more findings.
Canadian Income Survey, 2012
According to the Canadian Income Survey (CIS), the median after-tax income of Canadian families of two or more people was $71,700 in 2012.
Four provinces, Ontario, Saskatchewan, Alberta and British Columbia, saw families of two or more people with higher median after-tax income than for Canada as a whole. Families in Alberta had the highest median ($92,300), followed by Saskatchewan ($77,300), Ontario ($73,700) and British Columbia ($72,200).
Statistics Canada will release results from the 2013 CIS in July 2015.
Retail: The Year 2013 in Review
The article "Retail: The Year 2013 in Review" looks at retails sales, volumes as well as employment in the Canadian retail industry in 2013. Here are a few highlights:
- Retail sales expanded by 3.2% in 2013, with higher sales in all provinces.
- In volume terms, total retail sales rose 2.9%, the highest growth rate posted since 2010.
- The principal contributor to the 2013 gain was the motor vehicle and parts subsector.
- Total employment in the Canadian retail industry grew 1.5% in 2013.
- Food and motor vehicles continue to account for the largest shares of retail spending in Canada.
Statistics Canada latest Health Reports features two new studies. The first one describes "Professional and informal mental health support reported by Canadians aged 15 to 24", and the second article, titled "Gender gaps—Life expectancy and proportion of life in poor health", analyses the relationship between length of life and health among men and women in 45 more-developed countries.
Participate in the 2014 Ontario Child Health Study
In October 2014, Statistics Canada began collection of the 2014 Ontario Child Health Study (OCHS). A previous study of child and youth health (originally conducted in 1983) led to the development of provincially sponsored programs, such as Healthy Babies, Healthy Children and the Ontario Early Years Centres. The 2014 study will help us to understand how schools and neighbourhoods influence the mental health of children and youth and to assess how well services in Ontario are responding to these needs.
This important study is collecting data from 13,500 households across Ontario from October 2014 to June 2015. Statistics Canada intends to survey over 25,000 children in 180 neighbourhoods.
Having families participate in the 2014 OCHS will make it possible to create a complete picture of the mental health of today's children and youth. The information from this study will help Ontario to make funding decisions to improve the prospects and conditions for all children and youth.
Taking part in this study: what to expect
The OCHS questions are directed at parents, youth aged 12 to 17 and teachers of children in kindergarten to grade 8.
Parents can expect to be asked about
- their own physical and mental health
- their family and marital functioning
- their home and neighbourhood
- the mental and physical health of up to four of their children aged 4 to 17
- their children's school, activities and their use of children's health services.
Youth aged 12 to 17 will be asked about
- their own mental and physical health
- their social and school activities
- their family and neighbourhood.
Teachers will be asked about
- the child's mental health and social skills
- the child's academic functioning.
By using all of these sources, we hope to gather comprehensive and detailed information about the mental health of Ontario's children and youth.
Visit the Stay Connected portal on Statistics Canada website
No endorsement of any social media products or services is expressed or implied.
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