Getting to know Canada’s top 1% 2018

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Release date: November 18, 2020
Infographic: Getting to know Canada’s top 1% 2018
Description: Getting to know Canada’s top 1% 2018

Getting to know Canada’s top 1% 2018

Canada's top1% in 2018 included tax filers with a total income of at least $244,800. Their income represented 10% of all income in Canada, and they paid 21% of all income taxes.

The top 1% had average total incomes more than 10x higher than other tax filers.

Average total income

  • Top 1%: $496,200
  • Other tax filers: $45,200

The top 1% were more likely than others to live in large urban areas.

Tax filers living in CMAs

  • Top 1%: 85%
  • Other tax filers: 71%

6 in 10 of those in the top 1% lived in Toronto, Montréal, Vancouver or Calgary.

  • Toronto: 27%
  • Montréal: 12%
  • Vancouver: 9%
  • Calgary: 9%
  • Edmonton: 4%
  • Ottawa-Gatineau: 4%

While women represented about 1 in 4 of the top 1%, their average total income was 17% lower than men’s.

Share of women in top 1%

  • 1982: 11%
  • 2018: 24%

Average total income in top 1%

  • Women: $429,500
  • Men: $518,600

Those in the top 1% were more likely to be older.

Median age

  • Top 1%: 53
  • Other tax filers: 48

Notes: The sample is restricted to persons who filed a tax return and were living in Canada with a known geographic location. Individual tax filers are ranked nationally from lowest to highest according to the value of their total income. The ranked population of tax filers is then divided into 100 groups equal in number. The group with the highest incomes is referred to as the top 1%. All figures are expressed in 2018 Canadian dollars.

Source: Longitudinal Administrative Databank, 1982 to 2018.

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