Canada's Official Poverty Dashboard, February 2020

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Release date: February 24, 2020
Infographic: Canada's Official Poverty Dashboard, February 2020
Description: Canada's Official Poverty Dashboard, February 2020

Canada's Official Poverty Dashboard, February 2020

Canada's Official Poverty Rate
Table summary
This table displays the results of Canada's Official Poverty Rate . The information is grouped by Year (appearing as row headers), Rate (appearing as column headers).
Year Rate
2015 12.1
2016 10.6
2017 9.5
2018 8.7

The Official Poverty Line for Canada, along with the Dashboard of 12 Indicators to track progress on poverty reduction for Canadians and their households.

Dashboard of 12 Indicators
Table summary
This table displays the results of Dashboard of 12 Indicators . The information is grouped by Indicator (appearing as row headers), Most Recent Value, Previous Value, Trend, Percentage Change and Reference Periods (appearing as column headers).
Indicator Most Recent Value Previous Value Trend Percentage Change Reference Periods
Deep Income Poverty
(Persons with income below 75% of Canada's Official Poverty Line)
4.6% 5.1% Down -9.8% 2017 to 2018
Unmet Housing Needs and Chronic Homelessness
(Unmet housing needs)
12.7% 12.5% Up 1.6% 2011 to 2016
Unmet Health Needs
(Persons 12 years and older reporting not receiving health care when they felt they needed it.)
11.2% 12.5% Down -10.4% (2000-01) to 2014
Food Insecurity
(Households reporting Food Insecurity.)
8.7% 8.3% Up 4.8% (2011-12) to (2017-18)
Opportunity and Inclusion
Relative Low Income
(Persons who had less than half the median after-tax income.)
12.3% 12.6% Down -2.4% 2017 to 2018
Bottom 40 Percent Income Share
(Percentage of total after-tax income that went to those in the bottom 40% of the income distribution.)
20.8% 20.4% Up 2.0% 2017 to 2018
Youth Engagement
(Persons aged 15-24 who were not in employment, education or training.)
9.5% 10.1% Down -5.9% 2018 to 2019
Literacy and Numeracy - Low Literacy (15 year olds) 13.8% 10.7% Up 29.0% 2015 to 2018
Literacy and Numeracy - Low Numeracy (15 year olds) 16.3% 14.4% Up 13.2% 2015 to 2018
Resilience and Security
Median Hourly Wage - All $24.04 $23.53 Up 2.2% 2018 to 2019
Median Hourly Wage - Women $22.00 $21.92 Up 0.4% 2018 to 2019
Median Hourly Wage - Men $26.00 $25.49 Up 2.0% 2018 to 2019
Average Poverty Gap
(For those living below the poverty line, the poverty gap ratio is the amount that the person’s disposable family income is below the poverty line, expressed as a percentage of the poverty line.)
36.8% 35.1% Up 4.8% 2017 to 2018
Asset Resilience
(Persons who had enough savings to maintain well-being for three months.)
51.2% 46.2% Up 10.80% 2005 to 2012
Low Income Entry and Exit Rates - Entry Rates (All Canadians) 4.1% 3.9% Up 5.1% (2015-16) to (2016-17 )
Low Income Entry and Exit Rates - Exit Rates (Low-income Canadians) 27.9% 27.6% Up 1.1% (2015-16) to (2016-17 )

As new data are made available, Canada's Official Poverty Dashboard will be updated.

Note: The concepts and dimensions of poverty are defined in further detail in Opportunity for All – Canada's First Poverty Reduction Strategy, available for download at

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