Population of Canada's metropolitan areas and municipalities, July 1, 2019

Release date: February 13, 2020
Infographic: Population of Canada's metropolitan areas and municipalities, July 1, 2019
Description: Population of Canada's metropolitan areas and municipalities, July 1, 2019

Population of Canada's metropolitan areas and municipalities, July 1, 2019

More than 7 in 10 Canadians were living in a census metropolitan area (CMA) on July 1, 2019, a proportion that is constantly increasing.


Table 1
Population and demographic weight (%)Table 1 Note 1, CMA, July 1, 2019
Table summary
This table displays the results of Population and population weight (%). The information is grouped by CMA (appearing as row headers), Population and Demographic weight (%) (appearing as column headers).
CMA Population Demographic weight (%)Table 1 Note 1
All CMAs 26,952,447 71.7
Toronto 6,471,850 17.2
Montréal 4,318,505 11.5
Vancouver 2,691,351 7.2
Calgary 1,514,723 4.0
Edmonton 1,447,143 3.8
Ottawa-Gatineau (Ontario part) 1,095,134 2.9
Other CMAs 9,413,741 25.0
Areas outside CMAs 10,636,815 28.3

For the second consecutive year, 3 Ontario CMAs posted the largest population growth.

Population growth 2018/2019

  • Kitchener-Cambridge-Waterloo: +2.8%
  • London: +2.3%
  • Ottawa-Gatineau (Ontario part): +2.3%
  • All CMAs: +1.7%
  • Areas outside CMAs: 0.6%

The CMA population is younger than the population living outside CMAs. It is also aging less quickly.

Average age on July 1, 2019

  • CMAs: 40.5 years (+1.6 years since 2009)
  • Areas outside CMAs: 43.2 years (+2.3 years since 2009)

Urban spread continues. The municipalities with the fastest-growing populations are often suburbs within CMAs.


Table 2
Population growth 2018/2019
Table summary
This table displays the results of Population growth 2018/2019. The information is grouped by CMA (appearing as row headers), % and Municipality with the highest growth (appearing as column headers).
CMA % MunicipalityTable 2 Note 1 with the highest growth %
Toronto +2.0 East Gwillimbury +9.5
Montréal +1.5 Carignan +4.6
Vancouver +1.5 Surrey +2,8
Calgary +2.1 Airdrie +6.0
Edmonton +2.1 Beaumont +8.4

Source: Annual Demographic Estimates: Subprovincial Areas, 2019

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