Export dependent employment in Canada, 2017

Release date: November 20, 2018
Infographic: Export dependent employment in Canada, 2017
Description: Export dependent employment in Canada, 2017

Export dependent employment in Canada, 2017

In 2017, 1,451,000 individuals were employed in an export-dependent industry in Canada, accounting for 8% of all employment.

Compared to other workers, people employed in export-dependent industries were:

  • Older (median age 44 vs. 41)
  • More likely to be men (74% vs. 50%)
  • More likely to have a full-time permanent job (90% vs. 72%)Footnote1
Employment Status: Export-dependent industries vs. Other industries
  Permanent Full-time Permanent Part-time Temporary
Export-dependent industries 88.2% 2.1% 9.7%
Other industries 60.4% 11.6% 28.0%

They also:

  • Earned 25% more on average per week than other workers
  • Were less likely to have post-secondary education (66% vs. 73%)
Earnings: Export-dependent industries vs. Other industries
Export-dependent industries $1,167
Other industries $936
Economic regions with the highest share of export-dependent employment, 2017
Economic Region Percentage
Wood-Buffalo-Cold Lake, Alberta 23%
Yorkton-Melville, Saskatchewan 19%
Parklands and North, Manitoba 17%
Windsor-Sarnia, Ontario 18%
Côte-Nord and Nord-du-Québec, Quebec 19%
Outaouais, Quebec 3%
Ottawa, Ontario 4%
Fredericton-Oromocto, New Brunswick 3%
Halifax, Nova Scotia 3%
Cape Breton, Nova Scotia 4%
Share of export-dependent employment by province
Province Percentage
B.C. 6%
Alta. 8%
Sask. 10%
Man. 9%
Ont. 8%
Que. 9%
N.B. 6%
P.E.I. 6%
N.S. 5%
N.L. 5%

Note: Export-dependent industries are defined as subsectors (3-digit North American Industry Classification System codes) where 35% or more of jobs were directly dependent on exports in 2013 (latest available data).

Sources: Labour Force Survey (custom tabulations), National accounts supply and use tables (table 12-10-0100-01).

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