Export dependent employment in Canada, 2017

Warning View the most recent version.

Archived Content

Information identified as archived is provided for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes. It is not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards and has not been altered or updated since it was archived. Please "contact us" to request a format other than those available.

Release date: November 20, 2018
Infographic: Export dependent employment in Canada, 2017
Description: Export dependent employment in Canada, 2017

Export dependent employment in Canada, 2017

In 2017, 1,451,000 individuals were employed in an export-dependent industry in Canada, accounting for 8% of all employment.

Compared to other workers, people employed in export-dependent industries were:

  • Older (median age 44 vs. 41)
  • More likely to be men (74% vs. 50%)
  • More likely to have a full-time permanent job (90% vs. 72%)Footnote1
Employment Status: Export-dependent industries vs. Other industries
  Permanent Full-time Permanent Part-time Temporary
Export-dependent industries 88.2% 2.1% 9.7%
Other industries 60.4% 11.6% 28.0%

They also:

  • Earned 25% more on average per week than other workers
  • Were less likely to have post-secondary education (66% vs. 73%)
Earnings: Export-dependent industries vs. Other industries
Export-dependent industries $1,167
Other industries $936
Economic regions with the highest share of export-dependent employment, 2017
Economic Region Percentage
Wood-Buffalo-Cold Lake, Alberta 23%
Yorkton-Melville, Saskatchewan 19%
Parklands and North, Manitoba 17%
Windsor-Sarnia, Ontario 18%
Côte-Nord and Nord-du-Québec, Quebec 19%
Outaouais, Quebec 3%
Ottawa, Ontario 4%
Fredericton-Oromocto, New Brunswick 3%
Halifax, Nova Scotia 3%
Cape Breton, Nova Scotia 4%
Share of export-dependent employment by province
Province Percentage
B.C. 6%
Alta. 8%
Sask. 10%
Man. 9%
Ont. 8%
Que. 9%
N.B. 6%
P.E.I. 6%
N.S. 5%
N.L. 5%

Note: Export-dependent industries are defined as subsectors (3-digit North American Industry Classification System codes) where 35% or more of jobs were directly dependent on exports in 2013 (latest available data).

Sources: Labour Force Survey (custom tabulations), National accounts supply and use tables (table 12-10-0100-01).

Date modified: