Average annual real wages and salaries of immigrant and native-born workers, by sex and level of education, 1991 and 2010
Note: The immigrant workers were aged 25 to 34 in 1991 and had arrived in Canada between 1985 and 1990; the native-born workers were aged 25 to 34 in 1991. The analysis pertains to those with positive wages and salaries in both 1991 and 2010. Less-educated workers are those with a trades certificate or diploma, a high school diploma, or less education. More-educated workers have higher levels of educational attainment.
Source: Statistics Canada, authors' calculations.