Provincial perspective

  • In Canada, 1,172,790 people identified themselves as an Aboriginal person in 2006, up from 976,305 people in 2001 and 799,010 people in 1996.
  • There were 698,025 First Nations people identified in 2006, as well as 389,780 Métis and 50,480 Inuit.
  • In 2010, Aboriginal people aged 25 to 54 living off-reserve in the provinces earned an average hourly wage of $22.15, whereas non-Aboriginal people earned $24.46.
  • The unemployment rate of the Aboriginal population was 14.3% in 2010, compared with 7.9% for non-Aboriginal people.

Chart 1.4 Aboriginal identity population by census metropolitan area, 2006
View data source for chart 1.4

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