Slow recovery in employment
Following the 2008–2009 recession, Aboriginal workers aged 25 to 54 experienced a slower labour market recovery than non-Aboriginal workers. Employment among core-aged Aboriginal workers fell by 4.9% (12,400 jobs) in 2010 after dropping 2.8% (7,300 jobs) in 2009. By comparison, non-Aboriginal workers experienced a gain of 0.8% (93,000 jobs) in 2010 following a 1.7% decline (198,000 jobs) in 2009.
In 2010, participation rates fell to 75% for core-aged Aboriginal workers, compared with 87% for their non-Aboriginal counterparts. The decline reflects in part the stronger impact of the downturn on Aboriginal core-aged men than women. The rate for Aboriginal men fell to 80% in 2010, a decline of 4.5 percentage points from 2008. Over the same period, the participation rate of Aboriginal women declined by 1.2 percentage points to 70%.
The 2010 employment rate for Aboriginal core-aged workers was 66%, compared with 81% for non-Aboriginal workers. Provincially, the highest employment rates for Aboriginal people were in Manitoba (71%), Alberta (70%) and Saskatchewan (67%) and lowest in Quebec (61%).