Canada Year Book


    Past issues

    Historical collection

    Job quality differences

    Warning View the most recent version.

    Archived information

    Archived information is provided for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes. It is not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards and has not been altered or updated since it was archived. Please "contact-us" to request a format other than those available.

    In 2008, some key indicators of job quality showed significant differences between immigrants and non-immigrants. On average, immigrant wages were lower, while rates of involuntary part-time work, temporary employment and over-qualification were higher.

    In 2008, the average hourly wage of a Canadian-born employee of core working age (25 to 54) was $23.72, compared with $21.44 for an immigrant worker—a difference of $2.28 an hour.

    Among part-time workers, the share of immigrants who worked part time involuntarily (38%) was higher than among Canadian-born workers in 2008 (30%).

    Among core-age immigrant workers, 42% had a higher level of education for their job than what was normally required; 28% of Canadian-born workers in that age group were similarly over-qualified.

    In 2008, 9.7% of immigrant employees were working in temporary positions, slightly more than the 8.3% of Canadian-born employees.

    Chart 13.2 Hourly wage of immigrants and Canadian-born employees, 2008
    View data source for chart 13.2

    Date modified: