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Sometimes, the easiest way to understand and visualize statistics is by looking at a map.

Geographers use data from the census and surveys to map phenomena such as the richest neighbourhoods in Toronto, the population density in Alberta or heart disease by health region.

Statistics Canada produces three types of maps:

  • Reference maps display the boundaries, names and codes of standard geographic areas, as well as the major visible features such as roads, railroads, coastlines, lakes and rivers.
  • Thematic maps show the spatial distribution of a specific theme, such as population density or average annual income for selected geographic areas. 
  • Interactive maps allow users to "interact" with Web mapping applications.  Statistics Canada maintains several data products with mapping applications, such as the Aboriginal Population Profile, Agricultural Community Profiles, Community Profiles, Federal Electoral District Profile and Crop Conditions. A mapping tool called GeoSearch makes it easy to find places in Canada. The tool then displays the appropriate map showing boundaries and other features, the population and dwelling counts for these places, as well as what kind of census geographic area it is and its relationship to other census geographic areas.

Visit Maps and geography at to see some of the ways that data can be better visualized and understood through maps.

Map 15.1 Female-male ratio by census division (CD)
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Map 15.2 Median 2005 earnings, by census division (CD)
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Map 15.3 Population earnings $100,000 and over by census division (CD)
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Map 15.4 Households containing couples with children aged 25 and younger at home, percentage change, 2001 to 2006, by census division (CD)
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