Statistics Canada
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Hate crimes

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Canada is among the more than 30 countries where hate crimes—violations motivated by hatred based on race, ethnicity, religion or sexual orientation— are considered a criminal offence.

In 2006, 892 hate crimes were reported by police, 0.04% of all reported crime. More than 6 in 10 hate crimes were motivated by race or ethnicity. Blacks were targeted in almost half (48%) of the 502 hate crimes that were in this way motivated. Other targeted groups included South Asians (13%), Arabs or West Asians (12%), East and Southeast Asians (5%), Caucasians (5%) and Aboriginal people (3%).

Almost 3 in 10 hate crimes in 2006 were based on religion. Offences against the Jewish faith were the most common, accounting for 63% of 220 religion-based incidents. Another 21% were against Muslims and 6% were against Catholics.

About 1 in 10 incidents were motivated by sexual orientation, usually homosexuality. More than half these offences were violent; common assault was the most frequent type of violation.