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Labour mobility

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Labour mobility has recently garnered attention as forecasts of future labour shortages have become more widespread. Workers moving to a new province is a signal that labour markets are responding to changing economic conditions.

An estimated 383,000 people changed their usual place of residence in favour of another province from 2007 to 2008. The migrant population tends to be younger and more educated than the non-migrant population. For most migrants, employment is a key motivation to move.

Interprovincial out-migration is more likely to occur in provinces where the unemployment rates are relatively high. The study also found that migrants generally saw greater increases in earnings than did non-migrants—particularly those leaving Quebec, Saskatchewan or any of the Atlantic provinces.