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Federal science and technology spending

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The federal government intended to spend $9.9 billion on science and technology in the fiscal year 2008/2009. Spending intentions were down a slight 3% from the previous year, an anticipated decline after five years of growth. This activity, including R&D, takes place in the government’s own laboratories and other facilities, as well as in those of companies, universities and colleges, and non-profit agencies.

Natural sciences and engineering research will receive an anticipated $7.5 billion of the total; social sciences and humanities research will receive an anticipated $2.4 billion.

Fields that are studied using federal funding include astronomy, climatology, meteorology, hydrology, geology, oceanography, energy conservation, building construction, and measurement and control of pollution.