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Table 1  Factors that influence the average time that workers spend with their family during a typical workday, according to four statistical models

Table 1a  Predicted time spent with family, by survey year, age group, sex and region
  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4
Predicted length of time for the reference person
250 min
247 min
246 min
226 min
Year
19861
reference
reference
reference
reference
1992
- 19 min
- 23 min
- 16 min
n.s.
1998
- 39 min
- 40 min
- 24 min
n.s.
2005
- 43 min
- 41 min
- 16 min
n.s.
Age
15 to 24
…
n.s.
n.s.
n.s.
25 to 29
…
n.s.
n.s.
n.s.
30 to 341
…
reference
reference
reference
35 to 39
…
n.s.
n.s.
n.s.
40 to 44
…
n.s.
n.s.
n.s.
45 and over
…
n.s.
n.s.
-10
Sex
Women1
…
reference
reference
reference
Men
…
- 11 min
n.s.
n.s.
Region
Atlantic Canada
…
+ 15 min
n.s.
n.s.
Quιbec
…
n.s.
n.s.
n.s.
Ontario1
…
reference
reference
reference
Prairies
…
n.s.
n.s.
n.s.
British Columbia
…
n.s.
n.s.
n.s.
Adjusted R-Square
0.01
0.05
0.33
0.47
1  Reference group.
n.s. Not statistically different than the reference group at p < 0.01.

Data source: Statistics Canada, General Social Survey, 1986, 1992, 1998 and 2005.

Table source: Statistics Canada, 2007, "Time spent with family on a typical work day, 1986 to 2005,” Canadian Social Trends, catalogue number 11-008-XWE.

Table 1b  Predicted time spent with family, by family structure and highest level of schooling
  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4
Predicted length of time for the reference person
250 min
247 min
246 min
226 min
Family structure
Spouse, no children1
…
reference
reference
reference
Spouse, at least one child aged 0 to 4
…
+ 55 min
+ 53 min
+ 42 min
Spouse, no children under 5, at least one child aged 5 to 12
…
+ 35 min
+ 32 min
+ 26 min
Spouse, no children under 13, at least one child aged 13 to 24
…
n.s.
n.s.
n.s.
Lone parent with at least one child aged 0 to 4
…
+ 61 min
+ 50 min
+ 59 min
Lone parent with no children under 5, at least one child aged 5 to 12
…
n.s.
n.s.
n.s.
Lone parent with no children under 13, at least one child aged 13 to 24
…
- 76 min
- 69 min
- 40 min
Highest level of schooling
Elementary school1
…
reference
reference
reference
Secondary diploma
…
n.s.
n.s.
n.s.
College or trade school diploma or certificate
University degree
…
n.s.
n.s.
n.s.
Adjusted R-Square
0.01
0.05
0.33
0.47
1  Reference group.
n.s. Not statistically different than the reference group at p < 0.01.
Data source: Statistics Canada, General Social Survey, 1986, 1992, 1998 and 2005.
Table source: Statistics Canada, 2007, "Time spent with family on a typical work day, 1986 to 2005,” Canadian Social Trends, catalogue number 11-008-XWE.

Table 1c  Predicted time spent with family, by time spent on work and work-related activities and personal care
  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4
Predicted length of time for the reference person
250 min
247 min
246 min
226 min
Time spent on work and work-related activities
3 to 5 hours
…
…
+ 122 min
+ 121 min
5 to 6 hours
…
…
+ 66 min
+ 68 min
6 to 7 hours
…
…
+ 33 min
+ 33 min
7 to 8 hours1
…
…
reference
reference
8 to 9 hours
…
…
- 18 min
- 19 min
9 to 10 hours
…
…
- 48 min
- 52 min
10 to 11 hours
…
…
- 76 min
- 84 min
11 hours or more
…
…
- 151 min
-151 min
Time spent on personal care including sleep
Less than 7 hours
…
…
+ 53 min
+ 63 min
7 to 8 hours
…
…
+ 21 min
+ 27 min
8 to 9 hours1
…
…
reference
reference
9 to 10 hours
…
…
- 32 min
- 30 min
10 to 11 hours
…
…
- 60 min
- 61 min
11 hours or more
…
…
- 114 min
- 109 min
Adjusted R-Square
0.01
0.05
0.33
0.47
1  Reference group.
n.s. Not statistically different than the reference group at p < 0.01.
Data source: Statistics Canada, General Social Survey, 1986, 1992, 1998 and 2005.
Table source: Statistics Canada, 2007, "Time spent with family on a typical work day, 1986 to 2005,” Canadian Social Trends, catalogue number 11-008-XWE.

Table 1d  Predicted time spent with family, by time spent on meals at home and transportation
  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4
Predicted length of time for the reference person
250 min
247 min
246 min
226 min
Time for meals at home, snacks, coffee
Did not eat at home1
…
…
reference
reference
1 to 24 minutes
…
…
n.s.
+ 23 min
25 to 44 minutes
…
…
n.s.
+ 24 min
45 to 64 minutes
…
…
+ 16 min
+ 37 min
65 minutes or more
…
…
+ 32 min
+ 58 min
Trips by car or public transport
No trips either by car or public transport1
…
…
reference
reference
1 to 60 minutes
…
…
n.s.
n.s.
61 to 120 minutes
…
…
n.s.
- 14 min
121 minutes or more
…
…
- 22 min
- 25 min
Trips by foot
No trips by foot1
…
…
reference
reference
1 to 30 minutes
…
…
-12 min
- 11 min
31 minutes or more
…
…
n.s.
n.s.
Adjusted R-Square
0.01
0.05
0.33
0.47
1  Reference group.
n.s. Not statistically different than the reference group at p < 0.01.
Data source: Statistics Canada, General Social Survey, 1986, 1992, 1998 and 2005.
Table source: Statistics Canada, 2007, "Time spent with family on a typical work day, 1986 to 2005,” Canadian Social Trends, catalogue number 11-008-XWE.

Table 1e  Predicted time spent with family, by time spent on social activities, reading and watching television
  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4
Predicted length of time for the reference person
250 min
247 min
246 min
226 min
Social activities outside the home
No social activities1
…
…
reference
reference
1 to 90 minutes
…
…
+ 13 min
+ 16 min
91 minutes or more
…
…
+ 60 min
+ 60 min
Read books, magazines, newspapers
No reading1
…
…
reference
reference
1 to 60 minutes
…
…
- 16 min
- 11 min
61 minutes or more
…
…
- 42 min
- 34 min
Television, including watching videos or DVDs
No television1
…
…
reference
reference
1 to 60 minutes
…
…
+ 8 min
+ 44 min
61 to 120 minutes
…
…
+ 19 min
+ 58 min
121 to 180 minutes
…
…
+ 29 min
+ 69 min
181 minutes or more
…
…
+ 55 min
+ 99 min
Prevalence of certain activities
Watched television alone during the day
No1
…
…
…
reference
Yes
…
…
…
- 114 min
Had a meal, snack or coffee alone
No1
…
…
…
reference
Yes
…
…
…
- 55 min
Adjusted R-Square
0.01
0.05
0.33
0.47
1  Reference group.
n.s. Not statistically different than the reference group at p < 0.01.
Data source: Statistics Canada, General Social Survey, 1986, 1992, 1998 and 2005.
Table source: Statistics Canada, 2007, "Time spent with family on a typical work day, 1986 to 2005,” Canadian Social Trends, catalogue number 11-008-XWE.