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Statistics Canada - Government of Canada


Standard symbols

Population – Social indicators

a. Population of Canada, in thousands, 1971, 1981, 1991, 1999 to 2005
  1971 1981 1991 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
Canada
21,962
24,820
28,031
30,404
30,689
31,021
31,373
31,669
31,974
32,271
Source: Statistics Canada, CANSIM, table 051-0001.
b. Population by province, in thousands, 1971, 1981, 1991, 1999 to 2005
  1971 1981 1991 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
Newfoundland and Labrador
531
575
580
533
528
522
519
518
517
516
Prince Edward Island
113
124
130
136
136
137
137
137
138
138
Nova Scotia
797
855
915
934
934
932
935
936
938
938
New Brunswick
642
706
746
751
751
750
750
751
752
752
Quebec
6,137
6,548
7,065
7,323
7,357
7,397
7,446
7,494
7,548
7,598
Ontario
7,849
8,811
10,428
11,506
11,685
11,898
12,102
12,260
12,407
12,541
Manitoba
999
1,036
1,110
1,142
1,147
1,151
1,156
1,162
1,170
1,178
Saskatchewan
932
976
1,003
1,015
1,008
1,000
996
995
994
994
Alberta
1,666
2,294
2,593
2,953
3,005
3,057
3,116
3,160
3,205
3,257
British Columbia
2,240
2,824
3,373
4,011
4,039
4,078
4,115
4,155
4,202
4,255
Yukon Territory
19
24
29
31
30
30
30
31
31
31
Northwest Territories
..
..
39
41
40
41
41
42
43
43
Nunavut
..
..
22
27
28
28
29
29
30
30
Northwest Territories including Nunavut
36
48
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
Source: Statistics Canada, CANSIM, table 051-0001.
c. Population by age groups, in thousands, 1971, 1981, 1991, 1999 to 2005
  1971 1981 1991 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
0 to 7 years
3,160
2,875
3,122
3,042
2,990
2,948
2,904
2,853
2,815
2,793
8 to 17 years
4,610
4,039
3,815
4,116
4,148
4,174
4,186
4,185
4,182
4,175
18 to 29 years
4,448
5,716
5,376
4,962
4,987
5,033
5,111
5,184
5,256
5,301
30 to 44 years
3,913
5,123
7,057
7,565
7,543
7,532
7,503
7,446
7,390
7,336
45 to 64 years
4,068
4,690
5,444
6,933
7,168
7,411
7,675
7,934
8,189
8,447
65 to 74 years
1,088
1,487
1,923
2,135
2,146
2,161
2,175
2,191
2,216
2,236
75 years and over
636
827
1,199
1,526
1,576
1,626
1,675
1,724
1,767
1,812
Source: Statistics Canada, CANSIM, table 051-0001.
d. Dependency ratio1 expressed as percentage, 1971, 1981, 1991, 1999 to 2005
  1971 1981 1991 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
Age group 0 to 17 years
62.5
44.5
38.8
36.8
36.2
35.7
34.9
34.2
33.6
33.0
Age group 65 years and over
14.2
15.3
18.0
19.5
19.6
19.6
19.7
19.8
19.9
20.0
1. The ratio of the combined young (aged 0 to 18) and senior (aged 65 and over) populations to the working population (aged 18 to 64).
Source: Statistics Canada, CANSIM, table 051-0001.
e. Components of population change, in thousands, 1981, 1991, 1999 to 2005
  1981 1991 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
Births both sexes
372
403
338
337
327
328
331
336
338
Deaths
171
192
218
217
219
220
225
231
235
Immigrants
127
221
173
206
253
256
199
239
245
Emigrants
45
44
48
48
48
39
35
36
36
Sources: Statistics Canada, CANSIM, tables 051-0004, 051-0011 and 051-0013.
f. Population for largest census metropolitan areas, in thousands, 1991, 1999 to 2005
  1991 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
Montréal
3,291
3,438
3,471
3,507
3,547
3,579
3,610
3,636
Toronto
4,030
4,646
4,747
4,884
5,020
5,117
5,214
5,304
Vancouver
1,647
2,013
2,040
2,076
2,111
2,142
2,174
2,208
Ottawa-Gatineau
961
1,057
1,078
1,103
1,119
1,132
1,141
1,149
Source: Statistics Canada, CANSIM, table 051-0034.
g. Interprovincial net-migrants, 1981, 1991, 1999 to 2005
  1981 1991 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
Newfoundland and Labrador
-4,243
-711
-5,695
-4,263
-4,493
-3,352
-1,683
-2,027
-1,875
Prince Edward Island
-1,046
-544
193
104
165
62
165
144
-222
Nova Scotia
-3,345
573
201
-270
-2,077
-898
510
-772
-473
New Brunswick
-4,975
928
-1,244
-1,183
-1,530
-1,218
-843
-760
-1,650
Quebec
-23,476
-13,093
-13,065
-12,146
-9,442
-4,350
-1,829
-822
-2,332
Ontario
-33,932
-10,947
16,706
22,369
18,623
5,354
637
-6,935
-8,375
Manitoba
-8,847
-7,687
-2,113
-3,456
-4,323
-4,344
-2,875
-2,565
-3,832
Saskatchewan
-3,604
-11,783
-4,333
-7,947
-8,410
-8,820
-5,141
-4,521
-4,583
Alberta
45,991
8,647
25,191
22,674
20,457
26,235
11,903
10,606
16,615
British Columbia
39,008
34,108
-14,484
-14,610
-8,286
-8,556
-1,037
7,865
7,456
Yukon Territory
-1,283
477
-747
-691
-572
-221
149
27
-6
Northwest Territories
..
..
-555
-651
-160
84
242
-105
-427
Nunavut
..
..
-55
70
48
24
-198
-135
-296
Northwest Territories including Nunavut
-248
32
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
Source: Statistics Canada, CANSIM, table 051-0018.