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Canadian Social Trends Number 88

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Living with disability series
Defining disability in the Participation and Activity Limitation Survey

by Andrew MacKenzie, Matt Hurst and Susan Crompton

Release date: December 11, 2009

This first article in the series “Living with disability” briefly explores the evolution of theories about disability and outline contemporary thinking about how to define disability.  It then compares data from the 2001 and the 2006 Participation and Activity Limitation Surveys (PALS) to see how the incidence of disability is growing in Canada, and identify the proportion of that growth that is due to changing public perceptions of disability.


Living with disability series
Social participation of children with disabilities

by Krista Kowalchuk and Susan Crompton

Release date: December 11, 2009

This article identifies factors that influence the social engagement of children with disabilities aged 5 to 14. The emphasis is put on participation in social activities outside the family home and normal school hours.


Do parental benefits influence fertility decisions?

by Susan Crompton and Leslie-Anne Keown

Release date: October 27, 2009

This article examines whether access to maternity and paternity benefits influences a couple’s decision to have a child. We identify characteristics of people who are most likely to say that benefits would be very important in their decision to do so.


Forty-year-old mothers of pre-school children: A profile

by Mireille Vézina and Martin Turcotte

Release date: September 17, 2009

This study examines the increasing prevalence of the proportion of mothers aged 40 to 44 with a pre-school aged child (0 to 4 years of age) over the past 20 years. It also presents a socio-economic profile of these mothers, in particular their education levels, occupations and place of birth.


Online activities of Canadian boomers and seniors

by Ben Veenhof and Peter Timusk

Release date: August 6, 2009

This article looks at how Canadian seniors (those aged 65 and older) use the Internet compared with baby boomers (those aged 45 to 64 – the seniors of tomorrow). It examines the closing gap between Internet use rates of seniors and boomers, and describes differences in the types of online activities, as well as in the intensity of Internet use.


2008 General Social Survey Report
Social networks help Canadians deal with change

by Leslie-Anne Keown

Release date: June 26, 2009

More than four in ten Canadians reported a major change in their lives in the last twelve months. Using the 2008 General Social Survey on social networks, this article examines the types of change, their impact and how they are handled at various life stages. Results show that social networks, especially family, played an important role in dealing with change.